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PGDGRL

2020-05-24T18:27:19+00:00

Today every area ranging from missile and unmanned aerial vehicle technology to urban administration, e-governance, remote sensing, energy sector, and even advertising and marketing depend on geospatial data. GIS and Remote Sensing are two exciting areas of technology to work on. Geographic information system (GIS) is a special system which is designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data on earth. GIS technology is an integrated database which has all the information like population characteristics, economic development opportunities, and vegetation types, maps etc. GIS allows to link the databases and maps and create dynamic displays. It also provides tools to visualize, query, and overlay the databases which are technically not possible through spreadsheets.

While GIS helps in explaining and predicting the events on earth, remote sensing is an art and science of measuring the earth with the help of sensors. Remote sensors generally collect the data by detecting the energy that is reflected back from Earth. These sensors are arranged on airplanes and satellites. Remote sensors collect the data in the form of images and manipulate them for analyzing and visualizing the data. GIS and Remote sensors are interrelated as these remote sensors are integrated within GIS systems to visualize and interpret the collected data.

To compete in the ever-growing demand for subject-specific expert in the Industry, and with a view to enable careers in the GIS and Remote Sensing Laws, NALSAR University of Law through its Centre for Aerospace and Defence Laws (CADL), had initiated to offer Course in this area. The program enables candidates of researching, choosing and assessing map source information for use in the arrangement or amendment of maps and diagrams to different scales. Candidates can have the employments identifying with examining information gave by remote sensing techniques.

The curriculum of the programme is a tailor-made to meet the professional needs of the remote sensing and geoinformatics industry. The course is a one-year programme consisting of 6 papers stretched into two semesters. The papers include General Principles of Law, Remote Sensing Technology and Law, GIS Technology and Law, Coastal Mapping and Coastal Zone Management, Satellite Technology, Remote Sensing, GIS and IPR Issues, and Remote Sensing and GIS Applications in Resource Management.

Remote sensing and GIS is increasingly used by both Public and private companies that sell imagery and data to Google, Bing, scientists, academic and research libraries, and others. Specialists may also find employment at consulting firms, software development firms, and scientific laboratories, where they are expected to improve technologies, software, or data analysis techniques. They can also be hired by various Government organizations who work in this area.

ADMISSIONS

ELIGIBILITY

Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University

Students appearing for the final year examination of Graduation / Engineering are also eligible to apply.

ADMISSION PROCEDURE

The admission is based on the performance in Statement of Purpose (SOP), Group Discussion and Interview.

FEE STRUCTURE

Total Course fee :  Rs. 50,000/- payable in two installment
Repeat Examination Fee : Rs. 500/- per subject

Centres:
PGDGRL course is offered only at Hyderabad Centre.

CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The Post-Graduate Diploma Programme will have two semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense Sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and project assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform. Onsite sessions will be conducted for three days in each session, twice in each semester at the selected centers by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the onsite sessions. Each paper shall consist of 14 teaching hours. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is compulsory. Attendance shall carry 10 marks.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material (assignments, projects etc.) on dedicated website.

Eligibility :

a. Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University; or

b. Candidates appearing for the final year examination of Graduation are also eligible to apply, or

c. Candidates who complete three years of their 5-year integrated LLB Degree programme in Law are also eligible to apply.

Admission Procedure

Direct Admission subject to fulfilment of the eligibility criteria for the said course.

Course Duration

The duration of the Programme is one year and the maximum period for completion of the Programme is three years including the year of admission subject to payment of Continuation Fee as per the University Rules.

Fee Structure :

Course fee : Rs. 30,000/- (for Defence personnel –Rs. 25,000/-)

  • Convocation fee will be charged separately as per the University Rules.
  • Re-peat exam fee / Supplementary Exam fee will be charged @ Rs.500/- per paper
  • Continuation fee beyond the minimum duration of the course till the maximum period is Rs.5000/- per year for Master’s Programme and Rs.3000/- per year for Post-Graduate Diploma Programmes.
  • Boarding & Lodging charges at campus (subject to availability) during classes / exam will be extra as per the University Rules.

Note The University reserves the right to revise the Fee structure from time to time.

Centres:

NALSAR University of Law, Post Box No.1, Justice City, Shameerpet, Medchal District

CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The PG Diploma Programme will have two semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform / submit them by email. The students can contact / communicate by email with the subject experts pertaining to various queries on the concerned subject. Relevant course material will be uploaded on the website and can be accessed through their login id.

Face to Face contact sessions will be conducted for five days in a semester at Hyderabad by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the contact sessions. Each subject shall consist of 15 teaching hours which will come to 45 teaching hours per semester for two semesters. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is not compulsory.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material, assignments etc. on the website.

Course Structure

Code Subject Marks Credits
Semester I
1.1.1. General Principles of Law 100 5
1.1.2. Remote Sensing Technology and Laws 100 5
1.1.3. GIS Technology and Law 100 5
Semester II
1.2.4. Coastal Mapping and Coastal Zone Management 100 5
1.2.5.  Satellite Technology, GIS, RS and IPR Issues 100 5
1.2.6. Information Technology and Cyber Laws 100 5

1.1.1. General Principles of Law

Introduction to Law – Definition, Nature, Scope and Development of law – Sources of Law, Legal Concepts, Difference between Substantive and Procedural Law; Indian Constitution – Salient Features, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Relevant Provisions relating to Space Law; Law of Contract – Nature, Scope and Definition of Contract, Essentials of a Contract, Classification of Contracts, Breach of Contract, Discharge of Contract, Remedies in Contract Law; Law of Torts – Meaning and Essentials of Tort, Liability, Judicial and Non-Judicial Remedies, Defences, Negligence, Types of Damages; Criminal Law – Definition, nature and scope of criminal law, Essentials, Defences, Offences relating to person and property; Civil and Criminal Procedure Code (Relevant Sections); Evidence Act (Relevant Sections); Property Law (Relevant Sections); Public International Law – Introduction to International Law – Definition, Nature, Scope and Development of International Law, Sources of International Law, Subjects of International Law, Relation between International Law and Municipal Law Domestic Application of International Law in India.

1.1.2. Remote Sensing Technology and Law

Introduction,    Meaning and       Definition, Fundamentals of RS Electromagnetic energy and remote sensing-Sensors, platforms and RS data acquisition systems-Multispectral, hyper spectral and thermal sensors Radiometric aspects of remote sensing data-Geometric aspects of remote sensing data-Image enhancement and visualization-Image interpretation and classification-Microwave thermal remote sensing-Radar & Laser altimetry R.S as source of Information,  R.S Properties and Importance, Fields of Application of R.S, EthicalConsideration, Revival of ASPRS Code of Ethics, Emerging Issues, Human vision and Multispectral R.S, Spatial Data;   Mapping Policy and Remote Sensing Laws; Legal Issues, Reasonable expectation of Privacy, Curtilage and Open fields, Filtering, Commercial Information Market, Direct criminal activity,  Digital Ortho Photography and LIDAR,  FLIRs  (Forward Looking Infrared Thermal Scanning), Basics of Remote Sensing and Geospatial Data, The regulation of Remote Sensing by Satellites  (including meteorological services), Relevant technical aspects of remote sensing by satellite and various remote sensing satellite systems, United Nations and legal principles governing remote sensing satellites, agreements/arrangements and data policies relating to the collection of remote sensing data, its processing and distribution etc.-Distribution of Data Policy -Legal issues pertaining to EO (Earth Observation)-Data policy for private enterprise includes concept of licensing (whether to license certain activities or licensing certain entities to undertake certain activities), Good Conduct,  Financial Responsibility, Obligatory Insurance or Reimbursement, Operational Know-how, Technical competence certification, Minimum safety requirement, Whether to respect nationals or territories in a consonance to international obligations, Dispute Resolutions and whether it would be a criminal breach of national law to operate such a satellite system without license, Case Study; The Role of PPP in GJS and Remote Sensing Technology.

1.1.3. GIS Technology and Law

Introduction-Theory of GJS-Geographic information and spatial data types-Hardware and software; GIS; Steps of spatial  data handling­ Database management systems-Spatial referencing-Data quality, measures of location errors on maps-Satellite-based positioning-Spatial data input, data preparation-Point data transformation-Analytical GIS capabilities; retrieval and classification; overlay functions- Neighborhood operations; network analysis; error propagation-Data visualiation – Geo information system and analysis-Raster data base design-GIS Vector based data structure/design-Data based creation for urban area analysis Urban information system for resources and integrated developing planning-Urban modeling – GIS application case studies-Grid cell Data Processing-Principle of grid cell date processing,-Rasterizing point, line and polygons-Selection of grid cell size and effect on data quality-Raster versus Vector Advantages and disadvantages : The Legal Regime, Function of law in society; Information as a Legal and Economic Entity – Quantity, Property rights, Public goods, Value of information, Information as evidence; Liability-Contract liability, Negligence, Strict product liability; Liability Scenarios, Errors in represented location, Representations of error-free data, Unintended and inappropriate uses; Access and Ownership-Privacy and Confidentiality, Open Records Laws, Freedom of Information Act, Copyright, Conflict of laws; Others-PAPA: Privacy, Accuracy, Property, Accessibility, GIS and Digital Data, GIS Data as Evidence, Information Systems; Legal Issues and Case Study

1.2.4. Coastal Zone Regulations and Management

Introduction-Basics: CZRM, Defining and Meaning of the Coastal Zone; The importance of the Coastal Zone and the need for management, Classification        Criteria and Regulatory Norms, The concept of sustainability, Governance in Integrated Coastal Management; the Role of Law in Integrated Coastal Management, Meaning and Purpose of ICM Legislation; the Idea of Integrated Coastal Management; Understanding the Issues; Legal Principles;  International and Regional Context for National ICM; Global Treaties; Regional Treaties -National Instruments; Sustainable Development and Use of Resources; Principle of Preventive Action; Precautionary Principle; Polluter Pays Principle; Equitable and Sustainable Use;  Public Participation Enforcing Coastal; Defining the Coastal Zone; Using Multiple Definitions ; National Integrated Coastal Management Integrated Coastal Zone Management(ICZM), Expectations of ICZM, Defining Integration, ICZM Framework, ICZM in the Mediterranean , Constraints of ICZM, ICZM: case study; The European Union-Coastal Regulation Zone, Intertidal zone- area between HTL & LTL, Defined regulation zone landward of the HTL on sea coast and on the banks of estuaries creeks and backwaters; Objectives, Definition, Ecologically Sensitive Areas (ESA), Areas of Particular Concern-Coastal Issues, Social and economic Issues, natural resources Issues, economic base and physical location issues, Environmental degradation, resource reduction and user conflicts Issues, Case Study

1.2.5. Satellite Technology and Telecommunications Laws

Introduction- The role and functioning of the International Telecommunications Union; State regulation on space; a comparative approach, Satellite telecommunications, ·satellite broadcasting, Satellite technologies-Factual Background and Introduction to Technology-History and Development of Space Technology-Spaceflight, Satellites, Commercialization of space, A lien life, Living in space; Technology of Space Applications – Earth Observation Data in Disaster Management, Satellite Data in the Analysis of the Catastrophic Flood, Satellite Data for Disaster Monitoring, Satellite Overview of Sentinel Asia, Optical/Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Observation; Relationship between Space Technology and Law of Space Applications- Astronomy , Aerospace Engineering, Peaceful and Non-peaceful uses, Space Applications for Remote Sensing, Environmental Protection, Disaster Predication, Warning and Mitigation, Management of Earth Resources, Satellite Navigation and Location Systems, Space Communication & Application; GIS, RS and IPR Issues: Basic Concept & Overview-Philosophical Approaches, Theories, Classification and Kinds of Intellectual Property Rights – Philosophical Approaches to Property and Intellectual Property, Various Theories of Intellectual Property Rights, Classification of Intellectual Property Rights, Traditional IPRs-the Paris and the Berne Regimes, Modern IPRs-Under the WTOffRIPS Regime, Kinds of IntellectualProperty Rights; Definitions, Nature, Scope, and Development of International IPR; IPR Regulations under the Paris, Berne and WIPO  Regimes; Berne Regime- Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, 1886 and other International Conventions on Copy Rights and Neighboring Rights; The Regulations of International Trade and International IPRs -GATT Regime; Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS); Domestic Enforcement of TRIPS Agreement in India, Domestic Enforcement of TRIPS – consequences

1.2.6. Information Technology and Cyber Laws

Introduction to Information Technology Law – Need for  Information Technology and Law, Relationship between Law and Technology, the Current State of Information Technology in Legal Practice, Information Technology and Law: Barriers to Progress; International Law on Information Technology and Cyber Law, Evolution of Information Technology in international realm-World Summit on the Information Society-Geneva summit-Tunisia summit-Role of UNESCO and International Telecommunications Union-International treaties and bodies – ICANN-Internet Governance Forum-Reseaux IP Europeans Network Coordination Centre-Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement- Harmonization Of Cyber Laws, Development of Cyber Laws Post 2001, Cyber Legislations Worldwide, UNCITRAL Model Law on E-Commerce; Information Technology and Cyber Law in India, History of Information Technology and Cyber Laws in India, Information Technology Act 2000 and the subsequent 2006 & 2008 amendments, Cyber Crimes, Regulatory Authorities for Implementation of Cyber Law in India, Cyber Law Jurisprudence in India; Contemporary Challenges for Information Technology and Cyber Laws in India, Computer Forensics, E-Commerce, M-Commerce in India, Satellite Hacking, Cyber Attacks Insurance Computer Insecurity, Hackers, White Hat Hackers, Grey Hat Hackers, Black Hat Hackers, Internet Crime, Internet Fraud.

1.ELIGIBILITY

Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University

Students appearing for the final year examination of Graduation / Engineering are also eligible to apply.

2.ADMISSION PROCEDURE

The admission is based on the performance in Statement of Purpose (SOP), Group Discussion and Interview.

3.FEE STRUCTURE

Total Course fee Rs. 50,000/- (for Defence personnel –Rs. 30,000/-)
payable in two installments
Repeat Examination Fee Rs. 500/- per subject
Re-registration Fee Rs. 5000/- per subject

4. COURSE STRUCTURE

Code Subjest Marks Credits
Semester I
1.1.1. General Principles of Law 100 3
1.1.2.  Remote Sensing Technology and Laws 100 3
1.1.3. GIS Technology and Law 100 3
Semester II
1.2.4.   Coastal Mapping and Coastal Zone Management 100 3
1.2.5.   Satellite Technology, GIS, RS and IPR Issues 100 3
1.2.6. Dissertation 100 3

5. CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The Post-Graduate Diploma Programme will have two semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense Sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and project assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform. Under the mode of intense e-learning process, the students can access with subject experts pertaining to various queries on the concerned subject. Relevant course material and one to one contact with the subject experts will be through the web. Onsite sessions will be conducted for three days in alternate month at the selected centers by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the onsite sessions. Each paper shall consist of 14 teaching hours. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is compulsory. Attendance shall carry 10 marks.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material (assignments, projects etc.) on dedicated website.

6. EVALUATION SCHEME

6.1 Each paper shall carry 100 marks. The distribution of marks shall be as follows:

Attendance at onsite sessions : 10 Marks
Project work (Two projects of 15 marks each) : 30 Marks
End Semester Examination : 60 Marks

Submission of Dissertation
Written Report : 70 Marks
Viva-Voce Exam : 30 Marks

6.2 Award of Grades

The performance of the students would be evaluated on a seven point scale with corresponding grade values as mentioned below:

Percentage of Marks Grade Grade Value
80 and above O (outstanding) 8
75-79 D 7.5
70-74 A++ 7
65-69 A+ 6
60-64 A 5
55-59 B+ 4
50-54 B 3
Below 50 F(fail) 0

6.3 Calculation of CGPA

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is arrived at by dividing the sum of the products of Grade Values and the Course Credits in each course by the total number of credits in all the subjects.

6.4 A candidate to be successful should obtain a minimum of 50% marks or the equivalent grade, i.e., B in every course / Dissertation. However, the candidate who fails to obtain the minimum grade (i.e. B) shall be given another chance (repeat-examination) to complete the course. Candidates failing to secure the minimum marks in Dissertation shall re-submit the Dissertation. The repeat examination will be conducted only once, immediately within one month after the declaration of the results.

6.5 Once a student is declared as ‘Failed (F)’ for whatever reason, his/her grade shall carry ® with the grade obtained later. The students who fail to clear any subject even after the Repeat Examination has to Re-register for the same subject for next year and the grade obtained after re-registration will carry ®®.

7. AWARD OF THE DEGREE

7.1 A student to be eligible for the award of the P.G. Diploma should complete all courses including Dissertation obtaining atleast CGPA 3.00 out of 8.00.

7.2 A student admitted to the Post-Graduate Diploma program has to complete all the prescribed requirements within a maximum period of three years from and including the year of admission in order to be eligible for the award of the P.G. Diploma.

8. The Vice-Chancellor depending on the need may be authorized to approve the modifications, if any, in the admission process, course structure, course content and the evaluation scheme which shall be reported to the Academic Council and the Executive Council for ratification.

PGDAML

2020-05-24T18:29:47+00:00

The programme is the initiative of Centre for Aerospace & Defence Laws (CADL) of NALSAR University towards providing a comprehensive legal education thereby enabling the learner to develop an advanced understanding of a specialized area of maritime law and promote research in the area of maritime laws as there are very few universities in the country that are engaged in conducting teaching and research in the discipline of maritime laws. India is rapidly integrating its economy with more than 90% of the country’s trade being conducted through oceans and also the sea provides passageway to 45,000 merchant ships worldwide and over 90 percent of global trade. Hence, there is an urgent need to strengthen and popularize maritime legal education in India. There is a growing need for students specialized in laws of sea. Shipping legal firms handling corporate shipping, insurance and port management are seriously looking for young and talented students trained in the legal regime of international and national maritime sector.

This programme is suitable for those in both the legal and maritime industry who are looking to enhance their career prospects. It provides highly specialised knowledge and research skills relevant for both legal practitioners and those operating more generally within the legal environment of the maritime sector. It would also assist anyone working in profession concerned with international trade and maritime environment depending on the chosen line of speciality within the research framework.

It is mainly designed for lawyers, legal advisers, judges and legal draftsmen. But the programme is also open to law graduates of any country who intend to pursue a legal career in the field of maritime law whether in the public or private sectors, whether in practice, administration or academia.

The course is a one-year programme consisting of 6 papers stretched in to 2 semesters. The syllabus includes General Principles of Law, International Maritime Laws, Maritime Security, Maritime Laws in India, International Trade and Maritime Transport Services, and Contemporary Issues in Maritime Laws.

Eligibility :

a. Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University; or

b. Candidates appearing for the final year examination of Graduation are also eligible to apply; or

c. Candidates who complete three years of their 5-year integrated LLB Degree programme in Law are also eligible to apply.

Admission Procedure

Direct Admission subject to fulfilment of the eligibility criteria for the said course.

Course Duration

The duration of the Programme is one year and the maximum period for completion of the Programme is three years including the year of admission subject to payment of Continuation Fee as per the University Rules.

Fee Structure :

Course fee : Rs. 30,000/- (for Defence personnel –Rs. 25,000/-)

  • Convocation fee will be charged separately as per the University Rules.
  • Re-peat exam fee / Supplementary Exam fee will be charged @ Rs.500/- per paper
  • Continuation fee beyond the minimum duration of the course till the maximum period is Rs.5000/- per year for Master’s Programme and Rs.3000/- per year for Post-Graduate Diploma Programmes.
  • Boarding & Lodging charges at campus (subject to availability) during classes / exam will be extra as per the University Rules.

Note The University reserves the right to revise the Fee structure from time to time.

Centres:

NALSAR University of Law, Post Box No.1, Justice City, Shameerpet, Medchal District

CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The PG Diploma Programme will have two semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform / submit them by email. The students can contact / communicate by email with the subject experts pertaining to various queries on the concerned subject. Relevant course material will be uploaded on the website and can be accessed through their login id.

Face to Face contact sessions will be conducted for five days in a semester at Hyderabad by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the contact sessions. Each subject shall consist of 15 teaching hours which will come to 45 teaching hours per semester for two semesters. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is not compulsory.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material, assignments etc. on the website.

Dear Candidate,

The online application consists of the following simple steps:

  • Select the Program
  • Fill all the columns of the application form
  • Attach all the required documents
  • Check the completed application form
  • Proceed for payment
  • Submit
  • Get confirmation

Documents required:

1. A one page Statement of Purpose (200 – 250 words) as to why you want to join the course.
2. Attested copy of the marks statement of X Standard.
3. Attested Copy of the statement of marks and the Degree Certificate (i.e. an examination equivalent to Graduation)
4. Copy of the I.D. Card in case of Defense personnel
5. Passport size photograph
6. Proof of professional experience, if any
Payment of fee:
The application fee is Rs. 1,000/- for each course. Candidates applying for more than one course need to pay separate fee for each course. Fee once paid is non-refundable. Payment can be made through online with ATM / Debit Card / Credit Card / Net Banking.
Note:
1. Incomplete applications will not be considered for admission. Any concealment of required information or furnishing wrong information will amount to cancellation of admission at any time.
2. University reserves the right not to consider the candidature of any candidate for admission and / or to cancel the admission any time on the basis of the behaviour, conduct, poor academic performance, repeat absence from taking examinations, non-payment of fee etc.
3. As per the Distance Education Council’s policy, candidates are not allowed to pursue two Degree Programmes simultaneously. However, a candidate can pursue two programmes simultaneously through distance mode or combination of distance and regular mode from the same or different Universities / Institutions in various combinations, viz.,
a. One Degree and one Diploma / P G Diploma / Certificate Course
b. One P G Diploma and one Diploma / Certificate Course
c. One Diploma and one Certificate Course
d. Two P G Diplomas
e. Two Diplomas
f. Two Certificate Courses
4. Candidates cannot be admitted for more than one course at Centre for Air & Space Law, NALSAR as the onsite sessions are conducted simultaneously for all the courses.

SEMESTER – I
Subject Code Subject Marks Credits
1.1.1 General Principles of Law 100 5
1.1.2 International Maritime Laws 100 5
1.1.3 Maritime Security and Law of the Sea 100 5
SEMESTER – II
1.2.4 Maritime Laws in India 100 5
1.2.5 International Trade and Marine Transport Services 100 5
1.2.6 Maritime Laws and Contemporary Issues 100 5

General Principles of Law:

It is a well known legal maxim ‘ignorantia juris neminem excusat’ which means that ‘ignorance of law is no excuse’. This is one of the most fundamental principles of law followed since time immemorial. With the growing complexities in the nature of a society, legal awareness is of utmost importance as helps a student of one’s rights and obligations as a responsible citizen of a country and a member of the global community. Therefore knowledge of law can open a window of opportunities that you were previously unaware of. Though law for centuries together has been taught as a professional course however yet it is very essential that every person should be aware about the general principles of law for several reasons like, understanding of public affairs, awareness on our rights and duties. For this reason a paper on the ‘General Principles of Law’ is designed with the intention of providing the course participants with an overall understanding of the fundamental concepts and principles of law and also develop an in-depth base on the functioning of law in government, society and our lives.

International Air Law:

With the taking off of the first manned flight way back in 1903, the advent of international aviation began setting the stage for a number of additional conferences aimed at regulating international air transport and consequently leading to the Chicago regime. The technological, infrastructural, institutional, economic and human challenges have prompted those in charge of airlines and aviation-related agencies to affect a shift in their policies and approaches pursued for years. In fact, civil aviation in the new millennium would be one of the biggest growth sectors.

With these emerging issues it was of paramount importance to design a paper on the International Air Law. This paper traces the historical development of the international air law regime with a special and in-depth focus on Chicago Conference, Bilateral Air Transport Agreements and ICAO and other international aviation organization. With the increasing globalization of economies, liberalization of aviation policies, new technological developments in civil aviation, privatization of airlines and airports, and liberal and open “open skies” bilateral agreements, are the some of the new trends emerging on the horizon. The module therefore critically analyzes the existing international air law regime and the evaluates the same in the light of the emerging trend.

Airport Management:

Airport has been traditionally viewed as a strategic entity of a nation and therefore they have been traditionally operated to meet the just needs from that perspective. The concept of ‘airport management’ as a discipline is a new adoption borne out of the progressive traffic growth, both of passengers and cargo during the past few years. Airport leaders have now realized that complexities of airport operations can no more be handled by a mere traditional ‘organisation’ structure and have visualized that the airport management is too demanding, and started looking at it as a ‘Business’.

The paper on Airport Management caters to this growing need of having an in-depth understanding of the subject matter in the field of effectively and successfully managing an airport. The paper covers the fundamental concepts in airport management and gradually shifts its focus on the financial and commercial retail management at the airport. The soul of the paper rests in an detailed understanding of three segments of airport management i.e. Air-Side, Terminal and Service Quality Management. Aviation safety and security also receives a special focus in this regard. The paper thereupon trains the course participants in the structure of airport-airline relationship and finally discusses the emerging issues in airport management.

Domestic Air Laws in India:

The tremendous growth in the civil aviation industry in India is a product of such need to save time and energy and has become a very convenient mode of travel. Aviation is one of the few areas which developed very early prior to the independence. India is perhaps one of the most progressive countries as far as the development in the civil and general aviation is concerned. The legal regulatory regime governing the civil aviation sector in India developed way back in 1934 with the advent of the Aircraft Act of 1934 and subsequently the Aircraft Rules of 1937. However the safety, security and liability regime have developed in the past few decades and with the emerging trends there is a need to revise the entire regime.
In the light of the significance of this area, a paper on Domestic Air Laws in India has been designed. The paper begins with a general discussion on the domestic implementation of international laws and thereupon dwells into a comparative analysis of domestic implementation of international air law in EU, US and UK. Upon analyzing the international trends in the said areas the paper undertakes an in-depth study of the domestic air laws in India and begins by focusing on the Aircraft Act 1934 and the Aircraft Rules of 1937. The paper thereafter examines the domestic implementation of the aviation safety, security and liability norms and finally analyzes the contemporary issues in the field of civil aviation sector of India.

Airline Management

Air transportation is one of the most important services to offer both significant social and economic benefits. By serving tourism and trade, it contributes to economic growth. The use of commercial aviation has grown significantly over the last few decades, estimated to be more than seventy-fold since the first jet airliner flew in 1949. Current records indicate that there are more than 900 commercial airlines around the world, with a total fleet of nearly 22,000. Commercial airlines serve nearly 1,670 airports through a route network of several million kilometers. The increasing number of commercial airline companies has put more pressure on their management to continually seek profits, reduce cost, and increase revenues. Increasing demand for air transportation service has compelled airline management to take advantage of opportunities in different markets. At the same time, increasing competition among airlines necessitates that airline management seek efficiency in all their decisions to promote their profit. It is no surprise that many airlines throughout aviation history have been unable to remain in business, and in most cases, it is agreed that the demise of these airlines has been attributable to deficient management.

In order to cater to the need of training the young professionals in the arena of effective management of airlines, an innovative paper on Airline Management has been designed. The paper briefly traces the historical development of the fundamental concept of airline transport management and gradually focuses on the very crucial factor of human resource in this regard. The paper thereupon examines the regulatory framework of airline management tracing the role of ICAO, IATA and DGCA in this regard from an international and national perspective respectively. The paper finally examines the global trends in airline management and the role of airline industry in India.

Eligibility :

a. Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University; or

b. Candidates appearing for the final year examination of Graduation are also eligible to apply; or

c. Candidates who complete three years of their 5-year integrated LLB Degree programme in Law are also eligible to apply.

Admission Procedure

Direct Admission subject to fulfilment of the eligibility criteria for the said course.

Course Duration

The duration of the Programme is one year and the maximum period for completion of the Programme is three years including the year of admission subject to payment of Continuation Fee as per the University Rules.

Fee Structure :

Course fee : Rs. 30,000/- (for Defence personnel –Rs. 25,000/-)

  • Convocation fee will be charged separately as per the University Rules.
  • Re-peat exam fee / Supplementary Exam fee will be charged @ Rs.500/- per paper
  • Continuation fee beyond the minimum duration of the course till the maximum period is Rs.5000/- per year for Master’s Programme and Rs.3000/- per year for Post-Graduate Diploma Programmes.
  • Boarding & Lodging charges at campus (subject to availability) during classes / exam will be extra as per the University Rules.

Note The University reserves the right to revise the Fee structure from time to time.

5. CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The PG Diploma Programme will have two semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform / submit them by email. The students can contact / communicate by email with the subject experts pertaining to various queries on the concerned subject. Relevant course material will be uploaded on the website and can be accessed through their login id.

Face to Face contact sessions will be conducted for five days in a semester at Hyderabad by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the contact sessions. Each subject shall consist of 15 teaching hours which will come to 45 teaching hours per semester for two semesters. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is not compulsory.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material, assignments etc. on the website.

Evaluation Scheme

Each paper shall carry 100 marks. The distribution of marks shall be as follows:

Assignment(s) : 30 Marks
End Semester Examination 70 Marks
Awards of Grades

The performance of the students would be evaluated on a seven point scale with corresponding grade values as mentioned below:

Percentage of Marks Grade Grade Value
80 and above O (outstanding) 8
75 – 79 D 7.5
70-74 A++ 7
65-69 A+ 6
60-64 A 5
55-59 B+ 4
50-54 B 3
Below 50 F(Fail) 0
Calculation of CGPA

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is arrived at by dividing the sum of the products of Grade Values and the Course Credits in each course by the total number of credits in all the subjects.

A student to be successful should obtain a minimum of 50% marks or the equivalent grade, i.e., B in every subject /Dissertation. A student who secures the minimum required 50% marks will not be declared pass until he/she submits the assignments as prescribed. However, the candidate who fails to obtain the minimum grade (i.e., B) shall be given chance(s) to re-appear for the examination whenever the same is conducted till the completion of the maximum period, i.e., four years from the date of admission on payment of Continuation Fee and/or repeat examination fee as prescribed.

Award of the PG Diploma

A student to be eligible for the award of the Degree should complete all courses including Dissertation obtaining atleast CGPA 3.00 out of 8.00.

A student admitted to the program has to complete all the prescribed requirements within a maximum period of three years from and including the year of admission in order to be eligible for the award of the PG Diploma.

Procedure for Re-counting / Re-evaluation

The candidates desiring of revaluation have to apply along with re-evaluation fee within 15 days from the date of declaration of results by written submission to the Director. On receipt of request for revaluation, the paper would be sent to subject expert other than the evaluator and the results of the same will be communicated within 45 days. The Re-evaluation result is final and there will be no further appeal to the same.

No candidate who has secured 50 marks or above in the examination is allowed to re-appear in the examination or apply for re-evaluation for improving marks / grade.

The recounting of the paper would be done without collecting any fee but on the written request to the Director by the candidate

Misconduct Rules

The Vice Chancellor on the report and recommendation of the Course Co-ordinator can cancel the registration of a candidate and also debar them from examinations and further enrollment if he or she is found to be indulging in abusive, unruly behavior with the faculty or staff of the University. Such behaviors will also include abusive mails, phone calls or defamatory posts or blogs.

The NALSAR University Academic Mis-Conduct Regulations, as approved by the Executive Council of the University will apply suitably for the students enrolled for this programme.

Refund of Fee in case of withdrawal of admission

a) In case of withdrawal before the commencement of face to face contact sessions, 10% of the course fee shall be retained by the University towards administrative charges;

b) In case of withdrawal after the face to face contact sessions of the first semester, total course fee shall be retained by the University towards administrative charges and no refund shall be made.

PGDALATM

2020-05-24T18:31:15+00:00

The aviation industry has always been a very unique industry in itself. Its rapid growth across the globe coupled with usage of the best and the most innovative technologies and increasing contribution to the economic and infrastructural development of a country makes the international aviation sector particularly important from both legal as well as management perspective.

Through this program NALSAR aims to aims to cater to the growing needs of the aviation industry and caters to impart knowledge and train the participants in the in the legal as well as management aspect.

The curriculum of the programme is a tailor-made to meet the professional needs of the aviation industry which includes airport, airline, aerospace and related sectors so that the trained professionals are in a position to directly take on the core legal-cum-managerial positions in any of these sectors. A lawyer who is traditionally who has been endowed with rational mind can perform the multiple role in the form of an aviation professional who can serve in the capacities of aviation lawyer, manager and technical support. Similarly, a manager who is endowed with analytical ability is now in a position to function at a higher lever with a greater competence by acquiring the specific knowledge of the rules of the game – Aviation Law.

The unique advantage of the above programme is the comprehensive understanding of the aviation industry which would include its operational aspects, legal management and technical knowledge with a special focus on catering to the contemporary requirements of the aerospace industry.

ADMISSIONS

ELIGIBILITY

a. Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University; or

b. 3-year Degree/Diploma in Aircraft Maintenance Engineering (AME); or

c. Students appearing for the final year examination of Graduation / Engineering are also eligible to apply; or

d. Students who complete three years of their 5-year integrated LLB Degree programme in Law are also eligible to apply.

ADMISSION PROCEDURE

Direct Admission subject to fulfillment of the eligibility criteria for the said course.

FEE STRUCTURE
Course fee : Rs. 30,000/- (for Defence personnel – Rs.25,000/-)

  • Convocation fee will be charged separately as per the University Rules.
  • Re-peat exam fee / Supplementary Exam fee will be charged @ Rs.500/- per paper
  • Continuation fee beyond the minimum duration of the course till the maximum period is Rs.5000/- per year for Master’s
  • Programme and Rs.3000/- per year for Post-Graduate Diploma Programmes.
  • Boarding & Lodging charges at the campus (subject to availability) during classes/exams will be extra as per the University Rules

Note: The University reserves the right to revise the Fee structure from time to time.

Centres:

NALSAR University of Law, Post Box No.1, Justice City, Shameerpet, Medchal District

CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The PG Diploma Programme will have two semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform / submit them by email. The students can contact / communicate by email with the subject experts pertaining to various queries on the concerned subject. Relevant course material will be uploaded on the website and can be accessed through their login id.

Face to Face contact sessions will be conducted for five days in a semester at Hyderabad by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the contact sessions. Each subject shall consist of 15 teaching hours which will come to 45 teaching hours per semester for two semesters. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is not compulsory.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material, assignments etc. on the website.

Dear Candidate,

The online application consists of the following simple steps:

  • Select the Program
  • Fill all the columns of the application form
  • Attach all the required documents
  • Check the completed application form
  • Proceed for payment
  • Submit
  • Get confirmation

Documents required:

1. A one page Statement of Purpose (200 – 250 words) as to why you want to join the course.
2. Attested copy of the marks statement of X Standard.
3. Attested Copy of the statement of marks and the Degree Certificate (i.e. an examination equivalent to Graduation)
4. Copy of the I.D. Card in case of Defense personnel
5. Passport size photograph
6. Proof of professional experience, if any
Payment of fee:
The application fee is Rs. 1,000/- for each course. Candidates applying for more than one course need to pay separate fee for each course. Fee once paid is non-refundable. Payment can be made through online with ATM / Debit Card / Credit Card / Net Banking.
Note:
1. Incomplete applications will not be considered for admission. Any concealment of required information or furnishing wrong information will amount to cancellation of admission at any time.
2. University reserves the right not to consider the candidature of any candidate for admission and / or to cancel the admission any time on the basis of the behaviour, conduct, poor academic performance, repeat absence from taking examinations, non-payment of fee etc.
3. As per the Distance Education Council’s policy, candidates are not allowed to pursue two Degree Programmes simultaneously. However, a candidate can pursue two programmes simultaneously through distance mode or combination of distance and regular mode from the same or different Universities / Institutions in various combinations, viz.,
a. One Degree and one Diploma / P G Diploma / Certificate Course
b. One P G Diploma and one Diploma / Certificate Course
c. One Diploma and one Certificate Course
d. Two P G Diplomas
e. Two Diplomas
f. Two Certificate Courses
4. Candidates cannot be admitted for more than one course at Centre for Air & Space Law, NALSAR as the onsite sessions are conducted simultaneously for all the courses.

SEMESTER – I
Subject Code Subject Marks Credits
1.1.1 General Principles of Law 100 5
1.1.2 International Air Law 100 5
1.1.3   Principles of Management 100 5
SEMESTER – II
1.2.4 Domestic Air Laws in India 100 5
1.2.5 Airport Management 100 5
1.2.6 Airline Management 100 5

General Principles of Law:

It is a well known legal maxim ‘ignorantia juris neminem excusat’ which means that ‘ignorance of law is no excuse’. This is one of the most fundamental principles of law followed since time immemorial. With the growing complexities in the nature of a society, legal awareness is of utmost importance as helps a student of one’s rights and obligations as a responsible citizen of a country and a member of the global community. Therefore knowledge of law can open a window of opportunities that you were previously unaware of. Though law for centuries together has been taught as a professional course however yet it is very essential that every person should be aware about the general principles of law for several reasons like, understanding of public affairs, awareness on our rights and duties. For this reason a paper on the ‘General Principles of Law’ is designed with the intention of providing the course participants with an overall understanding of the fundamental concepts and principles of law and also develop an in-depth base on the functioning of law in government, society and our lives.

International Air Law:

With the taking off of the first manned flight way back in 1903, the advent of international aviation began setting the stage for a number of additional conferences aimed at regulating international air transport and consequently leading to the Chicago regime. The technological, infrastructural, institutional, economic and human challenges have prompted those in charge of airlines and aviation-related agencies to affect a shift in their policies and approaches pursued for years. In fact, civil aviation in the new millennium would be one of the biggest growth sectors.

With these emerging issues it was of paramount importance to design a paper on the International Air Law. This paper traces the historical development of the international air law regime with a special and in-depth focus on Chicago Conference, Bilateral Air Transport Agreements and ICAO and other international aviation organization. With the increasing globalization of economies, liberalization of aviation policies, new technological developments in civil aviation, privatization of airlines and airports, and liberal and open “open skies” bilateral agreements, are the some of the new trends emerging on the horizon. The module therefore critically analyzes the existing international air law regime and the evaluates the same in the light of the emerging trend.

Airport Management:

Airport has been traditionally viewed as a strategic entity of a nation and therefore they have been traditionally operated to meet the just needs from that perspective. The concept of ‘airport management’ as a discipline is a new adoption borne out of the progressive traffic growth, both of passengers and cargo during the past few years. Airport leaders have now realized that complexities of airport operations can no more be handled by a mere traditional ‘organisation’ structure and have visualized that the airport management is too demanding, and started looking at it as a ‘Business’.

The paper on Airport Management caters to this growing need of having an in-depth understanding of the subject matter in the field of effectively and successfully managing an airport. The paper covers the fundamental concepts in airport management and gradually shifts its focus on the financial and commercial retail management at the airport. The soul of the paper rests in an detailed understanding of three segments of airport management i.e. Air-Side, Terminal and Service Quality Management. Aviation safety and security also receives a special focus in this regard. The paper thereupon trains the course participants in the structure of airport-airline relationship and finally discusses the emerging issues in airport management.

Domestic Air Laws in India:

The tremendous growth in the civil aviation industry in India is a product of such need to save time and energy and has become a very convenient mode of travel. Aviation is one of the few areas which developed very early prior to the independence. India is perhaps one of the most progressive countries as far as the development in the civil and general aviation is concerned. The legal regulatory regime governing the civil aviation sector in India developed way back in 1934 with the advent of the Aircraft Act of 1934 and subsequently the Aircraft Rules of 1937. However the safety, security and liability regime have developed in the past few decades and with the emerging trends there is a need to revise the entire regime.
In the light of the significance of this area, a paper on Domestic Air Laws in India has been designed. The paper begins with a general discussion on the domestic implementation of international laws and thereupon dwells into a comparative analysis of domestic implementation of international air law in EU, US and UK. Upon analyzing the international trends in the said areas the paper undertakes an in-depth study of the domestic air laws in India and begins by focusing on the Aircraft Act 1934 and the Aircraft Rules of 1937. The paper thereafter examines the domestic implementation of the aviation safety, security and liability norms and finally analyzes the contemporary issues in the field of civil aviation sector of India.

Airline Management

Air transportation is one of the most important services to offer both significant social and economic benefits. By serving tourism and trade, it contributes to economic growth. The use of commercial aviation has grown significantly over the last few decades, estimated to be more than seventy-fold since the first jet airliner flew in 1949. Current records indicate that there are more than 900 commercial airlines around the world, with a total fleet of nearly 22,000. Commercial airlines serve nearly 1,670 airports through a route network of several million kilometers. The increasing number of commercial airline companies has put more pressure on their management to continually seek profits, reduce cost, and increase revenues. Increasing demand for air transportation service has compelled airline management to take advantage of opportunities in different markets. At the same time, increasing competition among airlines necessitates that airline management seek efficiency in all their decisions to promote their profit. It is no surprise that many airlines throughout aviation history have been unable to remain in business, and in most cases, it is agreed that the demise of these airlines has been attributable to deficient management.

In order to cater to the need of training the young professionals in the arena of effective management of airlines, an innovative paper on Airline Management has been designed. The paper briefly traces the historical development of the fundamental concept of airline transport management and gradually focuses on the very crucial factor of human resource in this regard. The paper thereupon examines the regulatory framework of airline management tracing the role of ICAO, IATA and DGCA in this regard from an international and national perspective respectively. The paper finally examines the global trends in airline management and the role of airline industry in India.

1.ELIGIBILITY

a. Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University; or

b. 3-year Degree/Diploma in Aircraft Maintenance Engineering (AME); or

c. Students appearing for the final year examination of Graduation / Engineering are also eligible to apply; or

d. Students who complete three years of their 5-year integrated LLB Degree programme in Law are also eligible to apply.

2.ADMISSION PROCEDURE

Direct Admission subject to fulfillment of the eligibility criteria for the said course.

3.FEE STRUCTURE
Course fee : Rs. 30,000/- (for Defence personnel – Rs.25,000/-)

  • Convocation fee will be charged separately as per the University Rules.
  • Re-peat exam fee / Supplementary Exam fee will be charged @ Rs.500/- per paper
  • Continuation fee beyond the minimum duration of the course till the maximum period is Rs.5000/- per year for Master’s
  • Programme and Rs.3000/- per year for Post-Graduate Diploma Programmes.
  • Boarding & Lodging charges at the campus (subject to availability) during classes/exams will be extra as per the University Rules

Note: The University reserves the right to revise the Fee structure from time to time.

Centres:

NALSAR University of Law, Post Box No.1, Justice City, Shameerpet, Medchal District

5.CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The PG Diploma Programme will have two semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform / submit them by email. The students can contact / communicate by email with the subject experts pertaining to various queries on the concerned subject. Relevant course material will be uploaded on the website and can be accessed through their login id.

Face to Face contact sessions will be conducted for five days in a semester at Hyderabad by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the contact sessions. Each subject shall consist of 15 teaching hours which will come to 45 teaching hours per semester for two semesters. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is not compulsory.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material, assignments etc. on the website.
6. EVALUATION SCHEME

6.1 Each paper shall carry 100 marks. The distribution of marks shall be as follows:

Attendance at onsite sessions : 10 Marks
Project work (Two projects of 15 marks each) : 30 Marks
End Semester Examination : 60 Marks

Submission of Dissertation
Written Report : 70 Marks
Viva-Voce Exam : 30 Marks

6.2 Award of Grades

The performance of the students would be evaluated on a seven point scale with corresponding grade values as mentioned below:

Percentage of Marks Grade Grade Value
80 and above O (outstanding) 8
75-79 D 7.5
70-74 A++ 7
65-69 A+ 6
60-64 A 5
55-59 B+ 4
50-54 B 3
Below 50 F(fail) 0
6. Calculation of CGPA

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is arrived at by dividing the sum of the products of Grade Values and the Course Credits in each course by the total number of credits in all the subjects.

A student to be successful should obtain a minimum of 50% marks or the equivalent grade, i.e., B in every subject /Dissertation. A student who secures the minimum required 50% marks will not be declared pass until he/she submits the assignments as prescribed. However, the candidate who fails to obtain the minimum grade (i.e., B) shall be given chance(s) to re-appear for the examination whenever the same is conducted till the completion of the maximum period, i.e., four years from the date of admission on payment of repeat examination fee as prescribed. Students failing to secure the minimum marks in the Dissertation shall re-submit the same.

7. Award of the Degree

A student to be eligible for the award of the Degree should complete all courses including Dissertation obtaining atleast CGPA 3.00 out of 8.00.

A student admitted to the program has to complete all the prescribed requirements within a maximum period of four years from and including the year of admission in order to be eligible for the award of the Degree.

8. Procedure for Re-counting / Re-evaluation

The candidates desiring of revaluation have to apply along with re-evaluation fee within 15 days from the date of declaration of results by written submission to the Registrar. On receipt of request for revaluation, the paper would be sent to subject expert other than the evaluator and the results of the same will be communicated within 45 days. The Re-evaluation result is final and there will be no further appeal to the same.

No candidate who has secured 50 marks or above in the examination is allowed to re-appear in the examination or apply for re-evaluation for improving marks / grade.

The recounting of the paper would be done without collecting any fee but on the written request to the Director by the candidate.

9. Misconduct Rules

The Vice Chancellor on the report and recommendation of the Course Co-ordinator can cancel the registration of a candidate and also debar them from examinations and further enrollment if he or she is found to be indulging in abusive, unruly behavior with the faculty or staff of the University. Such behaviors will also include abusive mails, phone calls or defamatory posts or blogs.

The NALSAR University Academic Mis-Conduct Regulations, as approved by the Executive Council of the University will apply suitably for the students enrolled for this programme.

10. Refund of Fee in case of withdrawal of admission

a) In case of withdrawal before the commencement of face to face contact sessions, 10% of the course fee shall be retained by the University towards administrative charges;

b) In case of withdrawal after the face to face contact sessions of the first semester, the total course fee shall be retained by the University towards administrative charges and no refund shall be made.

MSTL

2020-05-24T18:31:57+00:00

Telecommunications is an infrastructure in which rapid technological advance has been occurring and the risk of obsolesce is comparatively higher than other infrastructural sectors. Telecommunications is also one of the few infrastructure sectors, where facility is never really completed as the telecommunications network that is established has to be either constantly expanded to achieve higher consumer penetration or has to be constantly upgraded to allow the network to provide the latest services possible. This growth and need in the industry demands skilled experts with superlative Legal knowledge.

The increasing number of Countries involved in space activities has emphasized the need for effective laws and policies on space activities not just on an international level, but also on the national level. The successful operation of space law, policies and institutions in a country relies on the presence of suitable professionals. With the more innovation in technology and need for new and advanced techniques require the blend of various skills to succeed in the Field.

The combination of Telecommunication and Space Law is such a unique blend which enables one to meet the needs of rapidly expanding industry. To meet the need and to enable the research and study in Space and Telecommunications Law, NALSAR University of Law through its Centre for Aerospace and Defence Laws (CADL), had initiated to offer Course in this area. Through this programme NALSAR University seeks to address the need and promotion of legal shortcomings in the space and telecommunications Laws.

This idiosyncratic Course enables the learner to gain an understanding in both Space and Telecommunications Law. The curriculum of the programme includes the General Principles of Law, International Space Law, telecommunication Laws both International and national, Technology and its relation to Space and Telecommunications, IPR Issues in Space and Telecommunication technology, commercialization and issues relating to the Cyberspace and security threats, laws relating to remote sensing and geospatial data and also contemporary issues in space and telecommunication sector. This amalgamation of the subjects enables a non-legal person to understand the laws and a non-technical person know the technicality.

This programme is suitable for those interested in the legal, space and telecommunication industry. One can make career prospects in the ministry or a space or telecommunication agency if he/she wishes to work for the government. One can also work with the space or telecommunication industry in a commercial space or telecommunication company or at a law firm which specializes in space or telecommunication law. If one prefers academia, working at a university or a research institute is also a good option.

ELIGIBILITY

a. Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University; or
b. 3-year Degree/Diploma in Aircraft Maintenance Engineering (AME) along with three year’s industry experience.

Students appearing for the final year examination of Graduation / Engineering are also eligible to apply.

Centres:

NALSAR University of Law, Post Box No.1, Justice City, Shameerpet, Medchal District

CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The Master’s Programme will have four semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform / submit them by email. The students can contact / communicate by email with the subject experts pertaining to various queries on the concerned subject. Relevant course material will be uploaded on the website and can be accessed through their login id.

Face to Face contact sessions will be conducted for seven days in a semester at Hyderabad by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the contact sessions. Each subject shall consist of 15 teaching hours which will come to 60 teaching hours per semester for three semesters. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is not compulsory.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material, assignments etc. on the website.

Dear Candidate,

The online application consists of the following simple steps:

  • Select the Program
  • Fill all the columns of the application form
  • Attach all the required documents
  • Check the completed application form
  • Proceed for payment
  • Submit
  • Get confirmation

Documents required:

1. A one page Statement of Purpose (200 – 250 words) as to why you want to join the course.
2. Attested copy of the marks statement of X Standard.
3. Attested Copy of the statement of marks and the Degree Certificate (i.e. an examination equivalent to Graduation)
4. Copy of the I.D. Card in case of Defense personnel
5. Passport size photograph
6. Proof of professional experience, if any
Payment of fee:
The application fee is Rs. 1,000/- for each course. Candidates applying for more than one course need to pay separate fee for each course. Fee once paid is non-refundable. Payment can be made through online with ATM / Debit Card / Credit Card / Net Banking.
Note:
1. Incomplete applications will not be considered for admission. Any concealment of required information or furnishing wrong information will amount to cancellation of admission at any time.
2. University reserves the right not to consider the candidature of any candidate for admission and / or to cancel the admission any time on the basis of the behaviour, conduct, poor academic performance, repeat absence from taking examinations, non-payment of fee etc.
3. As per the Distance Education Council’s policy, candidates are not allowed to pursue two Degree Programmes simultaneously. However, a candidate can pursue two programmes simultaneously through distance mode or combination of distance and regular mode from the same or different Universities / Institutions in various combinations, viz.,
a. One Degree and one Diploma / P G Diploma / Certificate Course
b. One P G Diploma and one Diploma / Certificate Course
c. One Diploma and one Certificate Course
d. Two P G Diplomas
e. Two Diplomas
f. Two Certificate Courses
4. Candidates cannot be admitted for more than one course at Centre for Air & Space Law, NALSAR as the onsite sessions are conducted simultaneously for all the courses.

COURSE STRUCTURE

Code Subject Marks Credits
Semester I
1.1.1. General Principles of Law 100 5
1.1.2. Space Technology and Law 100 5
1.1.3. International Space Law 100 5
1.1.4. Information Technology and Cyber Laws 100 5
Semester II
1.2.5. International Telecommunication Laws 100 5
1.2.6. Space Technology, Telecommunications and IPRs Issues 100 5
1.2.7. Space Commercialization and Legal Issues 100 5
1.2.8. Space Security: Laws and Policies 100 5
SEMESTER – III
2.3.9. Telecommunication Laws in India 100 5
2.3.10. Law of Remote Sensing and Geospatial Data 100 5
2.3.11. Trade Laws relating to Space and Telecommunications 100 5
2.3.12. Space Law and Contemporary Issues 100 5
SEMESTER – IV
2.4.13. Dissertation 200 6
(written: 150 marks + viva: 50 marks)

1.1.1. General Principles of Law

Module I:

Introduction to Law, Nature and Sources of Law,  Legal Principles of Air & Space Law,  Theory and Nature of Political Institutions, Constitution of India, Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties, Relationship between Union & State, Emergency and Amendment            Provisions;

Module II:

Indian Judicial and Legal System, Historical Evolution of the   Indian Legal System, Administration          of Justice in India, Development of Legal Profession in India, Indian Advocates Act, Adversarial and Inquisitorial System, Indian Judiciary, Civil and Criminal Court Structure  and Procedure  in India, Quasi-Judicial Framework,  Alternate Means of Dispute Resolution;

Module III:

Fundamental Aspects of Law and its relevance to Space Law, Law of Contracts, Law of Torts, Law of Crimes, Law of Property, Law of Consumer Protection, Law of Insurance, Law of Company, Law of Environment, Law of Cyber Space and Regulation, Law of Intellectual Property Rights, Law of Competition;

Module IV:  

Legal Research Methodology and   Project Writing Techniques,    Meaning and Objectives of Research, Types and Significance of Legal Research, Stages Involved in Legal       Research Process, Criteria  of Good Research, Current Trends in Legal Research, Problems Encountered by Researchers in India, Guidelines for researcher of project/seminar papers

1.1.2.  Space Technology and Law

Module I:

Introduction- This course examines a number of space and satellite law issues including: international space law treaties, Customary international space law including the history and theory of space law; resolutions: recommendations; cases; International inter-governmental space organizations and their move to corporatization; The position of commercial players; natural and juristic persons; joint ventures; The role and functioning of the International Telecommunications Union; State regulation on space; a comparative approach, Satellite telecommunications, Satellite broadcasting, Satellite technologies-Factual Background and Introduction to Technology-History and Development of Space Technology-Spaceflight, Satellites, Commercialization of space, Alien life, Living in space;

Module II:

Technology of Space Applications – Earth Observation Data in Disaster Management, Satellite Data in the Analysis of the Catastrophic Flood, Satellite Data for Disaster Monitoring, Satellite Overview of Sentinel Asia, Optical/Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Observation;

Module III:

Relationship between Space Technology and Law of Space Applications- Astronomy, Aerospace Engineering, Peaceful and Non-peaceful uses, Space Applications for Remote Sensing, Environmental Protection, Disaster Predication, Warning and Mitigation, Management of Earth Resources, Satellite Navigation and Location Systems, Space Communication & Application.

1.1.3.  International Space Law

Module I:

Introduction to International Law and International Space Law; Introduction to International Law, Nature of International Law, Relationship between International Laws and Domestic Laws, Sources and Subjects of International Law and International Space Law, Delimitation between Outer Space and Air Space;

Module II:

International Space Law: Hard Law Approach, Outer Space Treaty 1967, Liability Convention 1972, Rescue Agreement 1968, Registration Convention 1975, Moon Agreement 1979;

Module III:

International Space Law (Soft Law); UNESCO Declaration on Satellite Broadcasting 1972, Remote Sensing Principles 1992, Nuclear Power Sources Principles: 1986, UNIDROIT Space Protocol 2012, Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space (1963), ESA Convention 1980, Benefits Declaration 1966;

Module IV:

International Space Law Recent Developments, Commercialization of Space Activities, Space Tourism, Protection of Intellectual Property Rights in Outer Space, Copyright in Outer Space Activities, Environmental Concerns in Outer Space, Space Debris, Militarization of Outer Space, Earth Observation: A developing country’s perspective, · Private Participation in Outer Space Activities

1.1.4. Information Technology and Cyber Law

Module I:

Introduction to Information Technology Law – Need for Information Technology and Law, Relationship between Law and Technology, the Current State of Information Technology in Legal Practice, Information Technology and Law: Barriers to Progress;

Module II:

International Law on Information Technology and Cyber Law, Evolution of Information Technology in international realm-World Summit on the Information Society-Geneva summit-Tunisia summit Role of UNESCO and International Telecommunications Union International treaties and bodies -I CANN – lnternet Governance Forum Reseaux IP Europeans Network Coordination, Centre-Anti Counterfeiting Trade Agreement – Harmonization Of Cyber Laws, Development of Cyber Laws Post 2001, Cyber Legislations Worldwide, UNCITRAL Model Law on E-commerce;

Module III:

Information Technology and Cyber Law in India, History of Information Technology and Cyber Laws in India, Information Technology Act 2000 and the subsequent 2006 & 2008 amendments,  Cyber Crimes, Regulatory Authorities for Implementation of Cyber Law in India, Cyber Law Jurisprudence in India;

Module IV:

Contemporary Challenges for Information Technology and Cyber Laws in India,  Computer Forensics, E-commerce, M-Commerce in India, Satellite Hacking, Cyber attacks Insurance Computer Insecurity, Hackers, White Hat Hackers, Grey Hat Hackers,  Black Hat Hackers, Internet Crime, Internet Fraud.

1.2.5. International Telecommunications Laws

Module I:

Introduction to Telecommunication Industry, Conceptual Framework for International Telecommunication Laws, Impact of Globalization on the International Telecom Industry, Overview of the Global State of Telecommunication, Challenges of Investment, Policy and Regulations Historical regulation and how the convergence between telephone, television and computer services can upset existing regulatory apparatuses;

Module II:

International Telecom Laws, Introduction to Telecom Regulations, Regulatory Organizations. Regulations of the Telecom Sector by ITU, Recent Development in ITU Regulations, Trade in Telecom Services;

Module III:

International Institutions for Regulation of Telecom Sector, International Telegraph Union, International Telecom Union, World Trade Organization, Jurisdiction among different international and national bodies and conflicts among nation States;

Module IV:

Contemporary Challenges for the International Telecom Industry,  Privatization of the Telecommunication Industry, Role of IPR in Information and Communication Technologies, Telecommunications in Developing Countries, Usage of Information and Communication Technology in Telecom Industry, International Allocation of Spectrum for Wireless Services and Orbital Slots for Satellites; International Copyright/Broadcasting Issues and Issues Surrounding Submarines Cables

1.2.6 Space Technology, Telecommunications and IPRs Issues

Module I:

International Law of IPR, Introduction to IPR, International Convention on Patents, Industrial Designs and Trademarks, Law relating to International Copyright Conventions, Role of International Organization in Protection of Intellectual Property Rights;

Module II:

Relationship between IPR and Outer Space & Telecom Activities, International Law of Outer Space, Intellectual Property Rights in Outer Space Endeavors, Intellectual Property and Space Inventions, National Jurisdiction and Exclusive Rights in Geospatial Data and Databases, Terrestrial Laws for Protection of Geo-spatial Data, Space Activities: Need for International Law and IPR Protection;

Module III:

IPR Protection for Outer Space Activities & Telecom Sector in India, IPR Protection Laws of India, Need for IPR Protection Regime for Space Activities of India, Relations of IPR with Spatial Data, India’s Telecom Sector and Need for IPR Protection, IPR and Space Activities: Indian Perspectives;

Module IV:

Contemporary Developments, IPR and Space Activities: Emerging Issues, Indian Defence Industry and Protection of IPR Regime

1.2.7. Space Commercialization and Legal Issues

Module I:

Introduction to Global Space Activities and Space Commerce, Global Space Economy,  Inputs to Space Economy, Civilian Space Programmes In Government Budget Appropriations or Outlays For R&D, National Budgets For Space, Insurance Market For Space Activities, Innovation For Future Economic Growth: Patents, Space Launch Activities Worldwide, New Space Technology and Innovative Applications, National Space Commerce and Economy: Comparative Analysis,  Sharing the benefits of Space Law and Economic Development, Space Law: Thinking Globally;

Module II:

International Space Law on Space Commerce, Space Commerce Governance: Overview of the Legal Regime, Contemporary Space Industry, Space Commerce and its benefits, Commercial Development of the Outer Space Sector, International Space Law for Space Commerce: A Critique, Commercial Launches, Legal and Policy Perspectives , Space Commercialization and Third World;

Module III:

Space Commerce and India,  Space Commercialization and Third World, Organizational Structure for Space Commerce Governance in India, Space Economy of India, Space Products and Services: Commercial Perspectives, Regulatory Framework for Space Activities in India, Commercialization and Privatization of Space Industry India: Emerging Legal Challenges;

Module IV:

Contemporary Challenges to Space Commerce, Transporting Legal Systems for Property Rights from Earth to Stars, Space Debris: Developing Countries Perspective, Challenges for Space Law in the era of Globalization, Outer Space and Continuous Need for Multilateral Treaty Making, The Continuous Need for Space Law-making, Proliferation of Negotiating Forums

1.2.8.  Space Security: Laws and Policies

Module  I:

International Space Security, Introduction, Concept and Nature of Space Security, The emergence of space domain and perspectives on space security, Space technology and its dual use nature, from telecommunication satellites, remote sensing satellites and debris collectors to laser, Space strategy: towards the space battlefield or operational sanctuary , Space related hazards and threats , Territory and the geopolitics of outer space;

Module II:

Laws Governing Space Security, United Nations Legal Principles, COPUOS (1959), The Outer Space Treaty, 1967, The Rescue Agreement , 1968, The Liability Convention, 1972, The registration Convention, 1975, The Moon Treaty, 1979, PAROS UNGA Resolution: 1981 UN GGE: 3rd GGE, (PPWT) (2008) – Treaty between Russia and China, The EU Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities (2010),

Module III:

Space Security Law: Global Perspectives, Space weaponisation, Space and environment security, Congested Space: Spectrum Crowding, SSA, Orbital Debris, Remote sensing v. State and individual security, Space situational awareness, Satellite data security, National Security, Space security and global cooperation;

Module IV:

Space Security Issues in India India’s Space Policy, India’s Military Capability in Space, Threats to India’s space assets, India’s military options in space, Role of Indian Space and Defence Agencies towards Space Security.

2.3.9. Telecommunication Laws In India

Module I:

Introduction and Evolution of the Telecom Industry in India, Overview of the Telecom Sector in India, Evolution of the Telecom Industry, Performance and Reforms on the Indian Telecom Sector, India in 1980s and 1990s: Impact of Liberalization, Globalization and Privatization;

Module II:

Legal and Regulatory Framework of Telecom Laws and Policies, Overview of the Regulatory Framework, Indian Telecom Sector: Legal and Regulatory Framework, Telecom Laws and Policies in India;

Module III:

Dispute Resolution Mechanism in the Indian Telecom Sector, Introduction to Dispute Resolution, Current Disputes and Resolution Approaches,

Dispute Resolution in the Indian Telecom Sector, DSM in Telecom: Relating International to National Practices.

2.3.10. Law of Remote Sensing and Geospatial Data

Module I:

Introduction to Remote Sensing, Concept & Importance of Remote Sensing, Basics of Remote Sensing and Geo-Spatial Data, Remote Sensing as a Source of Information, Properties of Remote Sensing, Eth!cal Considerations in Remote Sensing;

MODULE II:

Technical Aspects of Issues of Remote Sensing, Fields of Application of Remote Sensing, Revival of ASPRS Code of Ethics: Emerging Issues , Human Vision and Multispectral Remote Sensing: Legal Issues, Curtilage and Open Fields, Filtering, Digital Ortho-Photography, LIDAR and FLIRs (Forward Looking Infrared Thermal Scanning);

Module III:

Legal Aspects of Remote Sensing, Reasonable Expectation of Privacy, Commercial Information Market, Direct Criminal Activity, Regulation of Remote Sensing by Satellites, UN Principles on Remote Sensing, Bilateral and Multilateral Arrangements or Agreements relating to collection of Remote Sensing data, Processing and Distribution of Remote Sensing Data, GIS: Legal Issues- IPR and Copyright & Neighboring Rights, Data Protection;

Module IV:

Contemporary Issues in Remote Sensing, Security Implications of High Quality Remote Sensing Imagery, Remote Sensing Evidence and Environmental Law, Third Party Access to Data Obtained via Remote Sensing: International Legal Theory versus Economic and Political Reality, Remote Sensing for Public Safety, Remote Sensing and State Sovereignty, Community Remote Sensing and Legal Issues

2.3.11. Trade Laws relating to Space and Telecommunications

Module- I:

Fundamentals of International Trade Law, Introduction to International Trade Law: Codification and Development of International Trade Law by the League of Nations and the United Nations, Present Scenario of International Trade Law, Basic Principles and concepts of International Trade Law, MFN, National Treatment, Non-Discrimination, Transparency and Sovereignty, Free and Fair Trade, Binding Commitments, World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT), General Agreement on Trade in Services;

Module II:

International Trade in Telecom Services, Need  to regulate trade in telecom services, regulatory organizations at global and national level, Role of WTO, ITU, Service Sector of Telecom Industry, Service Negotiations, WTO Regime for Telecommunication Services, Fourth Protocol, Annex on Telecommunications, Implementation of WTO Commitments;

Module III:

Trade and Outer Space Activities, Legal and Policy Aspects of Launch Services, Privatization of the Launch Services, Commercialization of Launch Services Sector, Globalization of the Launch Services Sector, Launches With Multiple Payloads And Reusable Launch Vehicles, Cross-Jurisdictional Launch Operations, IPR Protection, WTO and Space Activities, Space Investments and Evaluation of Investor Affability;

Module IV:

Trade and Telecom and Outer Space: Emerging Legal Issues

2.3.12. Space Law and Contemporary Issues

Module I:

Emerging Challenges in Space Law, Future of Space Law, Global Public Interest in Outer Space, Legal Aspects of Planetary Exploration, Protection of Intellectual Property in Outer Space, ICAO’s Involvement in Outer Space Activities,

Module II:

Satellite Telecommunication & Global Mobile Personal Communication Satellite Services, INTELSAT and IMARSAT: Need for Structural Change, Satellite Communications: The Legal Gap, GMPCS, Developing Countries Perspectives, Direct Broadcasting Satellites, Developing Countries and the Law;

Module III:

Military Use of Outer Space, Status of Outer Space Treaty during War and Measures Short of War, China’s ASAT: A demonstrated need for legal reform, Space Debris and International Law,

Module IV:

Commercialization of Space Activities, Commercial Developments in Outer Space: Need for New Treaties, Legal and Policy Aspects of Providing Launch Services provided by Governmental and Private providers, Space Tourism-Space in Private Hands, Space Tourism – Future Policy and Legal Challenges, Space Tourism Activities- Emerging Challenges to Air and Space Law, Draft Protocol on matters to Space Assets : New Developments and Perspectives for Success;

Module V:

Dispute Settlement in Space

2.4.13. Dissertation

1.ELIGIBILITY

Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University

Students appearing for the final year examination of Graduation / Engineering are also eligible to apply.

2.ADMISSION PROCEDURE

The admission is based on the performance in Statement of Purpose (SOP), Group Discussion and Interview.

3.FEE STRUCTURE

Total Course fee Rs. 50,000/- (for Defence personnel –Rs. 30,000/-)
payable in two installments
Repeat Examination Fee Rs. 500/- per subject
Re-registration Fee Rs. 5000/- per subject

4. COURSE STRUCTURE

Code Subjest Marks Credits
Semester I
1.1.1. General Principles of Law 100 3
1.1.2.  Remote Sensing Technology and Laws 100 3
1.1.3. GIS Technology and Law 100 3
Semester II
1.2.4.   Coastal Mapping and Coastal Zone Management 100 3
1.2.5.   Satellite Technology, GIS, RS and IPR Issues 100 3
1.2.6. Dissertation 100 3

5. CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The Post-Graduate Diploma Programme will have two semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense Sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and project assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform. Under the mode of intense e-learning process, the students can access with subject experts pertaining to various queries on the concerned subject. Relevant course material and one to one contact with the subject experts will be through the web. Onsite sessions will be conducted for three days in alternate month at the selected centers by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the onsite sessions. Each paper shall consist of 14 teaching hours. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is compulsory. Attendance shall carry 10 marks.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material (assignments, projects etc.) on dedicated website.

6. EVALUATION SCHEME

6.1 Each paper shall carry 100 marks. The distribution of marks shall be as follows:

Attendance at onsite sessions : 10 Marks
Project work (Two projects of 15 marks each) : 30 Marks
End Semester Examination : 60 Marks

Submission of Dissertation
Written Report : 70 Marks
Viva-Voce Exam : 30 Marks

6.2 Award of Grades

The performance of the students would be evaluated on a seven point scale with corresponding grade values as mentioned below:

Percentage of Marks Grade Grade Value
80 and above O (outstanding) 8
75-79 D 7.5
70-74 A++ 7
65-69 A+ 6
60-64 A 5
55-59 B+ 4
50-54 B 3
Below 50 F(fail) 0

6.3 Calculation of CGPA

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is arrived at by dividing the sum of the products of Grade Values and the Course Credits in each course by the total number of credits in all the subjects.

6.4 A candidate to be successful should obtain a minimum of 50% marks or the equivalent grade, i.e., B in every course / Dissertation. However, the candidate who fails to obtain the minimum grade (i.e. B) shall be given another chance (repeat-examination) to complete the course. Candidates failing to secure the minimum marks in Dissertation shall re-submit the Dissertation. The repeat examination will be conducted only once, immediately within one month after the declaration of the results.

6.5 Once a student is declared as ‘Failed (F)’ for whatever reason, his/her grade shall carry ® with the grade obtained later. The students who fail to clear any subject even after the Repeat Examination has to Re-register for the same subject for next year and the grade obtained after re-registration will carry ®®.

7. AWARD OF THE DEGREE

7.1 A student to be eligible for the award of the P.G. Diploma should complete all courses including Dissertation obtaining atleast CGPA 3.00 out of 8.00.

7.2 A student admitted to the Post-Graduate Diploma program has to complete all the prescribed requirements within a maximum period of three years from and including the year of admission in order to be eligible for the award of the P.G. Diploma.

8. The Vice-Chancellor depending on the need may be authorized to approve the modifications, if any, in the admission process, course structure, course content and the evaluation scheme which shall be reported to the Academic Council and the Executive Council for ratification.

MSDL

2020-05-24T18:37:09+00:00

Defence studies, War studies, Strategic studies as currently taught only in a handful of Universities in India. Teaching and research activities are done in many universities of India, having as its primary focus on India’s national security. In all departments of Defence studies the approach to the study of national security is interdisciplinary encompassing disciplines like Geopolitics and Military Geography, Science and Technology, Economics of Defence, Conflict Management and Conflict Resolution. However the above universities / institutions despite their commendable efforts are unable to provide a wholesome education and knowledge having due regards to the international legal framework, world politics and contemporary practices. NALSAR is the only University offering such a diverse course on defence and security studies from a legal perspective.

M.A. (Security & Defence Laws) intends to equip the course participants with national and international legal framework governing the defence and security industry in the global, regional and Indian context. The course would further train the participants in developing a strong foundation in management and governance of the defence sector by drawing from experiences across the globe and comparing the same in Indian context. National defence is not only the responsibility of the armed forces but it is a responsibility of all the citizens of a nation. The aim of the defence studies is closely related to other spheres of life. Hence, the course will focus not only defence personnel of the country but will attract numerous scholars across the globe who is engaged in research related activities in defence and strategic studies.

Recent move towards liberalisation and privatisation of defence industry also demands for a progamme of this kind. With an objective of bridging the gap between Law and defence studies, the University intends to offer this Course through its Centre for Aerospace & Defence Laws (CADL).

The programme will be particularly beneficial for Serving members of the armed forces, policy makers and stakeholders working in the government departments, defence public sector undertakings, negotiators and diplomats who represent the country in the negotiations for various defence procurements, Aerospace Engineers/Students pursuing Aerospace Engineering, Law Graduates desiring specialization in defence Law, M.B.A students and Graduates undergoing various defence and strategic studies related Programmes. Hyderabad being hub of aerospace and defence sector, large number of defence professional working in this area needs upgradation of their skills towards legal and policy issues.

Also, there is a high demand for law professionals with expertise in security and defence laws. With the help of this programme, the candidates can be well placed for roles in international institutions, government department (ministries of foreign affairs, defence, justice, home affairs and development), non-governmental organisations, law firms and also in private sectors (defence and security companies).

The course is a two-year programme consisting of 12 subjects, stretched in to four semesters. The syllabus include General Principles of Law, International Security, Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution, Defence Technology and Law, International Institutions and Global Security, Defence Management and Strategic studies, Defence Contracts and Tenders, Defence Procurement Policies, Regional Security, Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism, Aviation, Space, Maritime and Cyber Security Laws. Apart from this, the candidates in the last semester are required to submit a dissertation on a topic selected by them in the concerned area, along with a field-work report for the partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree in M.A. (Security and Defence Laws).

ELIGIBILITY

a. Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University; or
b. 3-year Degree/Diploma in Aircraft Maintenance Engineering (AME) along with three year’s industry experience.

Students appearing for the final year examination of Graduation / Engineering are also eligible to apply.

Centres:

NALSAR University of Law, Post Box No.1, Justice City, Shameerpet, Medchal District

CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The Master’s Programme will have four semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform / submit them by email. The students can contact / communicate by email with the subject experts pertaining to various queries on the concerned subject. Relevant course material will be uploaded on the website and can be accessed through their login id.

Face to Face contact sessions will be conducted for seven days in a semester at Hyderabad by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the contact sessions. Each subject shall consist of 15 teaching hours which will come to 60 teaching hours per semester for three semesters. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is not compulsory.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material, assignments etc. on the website.

Dear Candidate,

The online application consists of the following simple steps:

  • Select the Program
  • Fill all the columns of the application form
  • Attach all the required documents
  • Check the completed application form
  • Proceed for payment
  • Submit
  • Get confirmation

Documents required:

1. A one page Statement of Purpose (200 – 250 words) as to why you want to join the course.
2. Attested copy of the marks statement of X Standard.
3. Attested Copy of the statement of marks and the Degree Certificate (i.e. an examination equivalent to Graduation)
4. Copy of the I.D. Card in case of Defense personnel
5. Passport size photograph
6. Proof of professional experience, if any
Payment of fee:
The application fee is Rs. 1,000/- for each course. Candidates applying for more than one course need to pay separate fee for each course. Fee once paid is non-refundable. Payment can be made through online with ATM / Debit Card / Credit Card / Net Banking.
Note:
1. Incomplete applications will not be considered for admission. Any concealment of required information or furnishing wrong information will amount to cancellation of admission at any time.
2. University reserves the right not to consider the candidature of any candidate for admission and / or to cancel the admission any time on the basis of the behaviour, conduct, poor academic performance, repeat absence from taking examinations, non-payment of fee etc.
3. As per the Distance Education Council’s policy, candidates are not allowed to pursue two Degree Programmes simultaneously. However, a candidate can pursue two programmes simultaneously through distance mode or combination of distance and regular mode from the same or different Universities / Institutions in various combinations, viz.,
a. One Degree and one Diploma / P G Diploma / Certificate Course
b. One P G Diploma and one Diploma / Certificate Course
c. One Diploma and one Certificate Course
d. Two P G Diplomas
e. Two Diplomas
f. Two Certificate Courses
4. Candidates cannot be admitted for more than one course at Centre for Air & Space Law, NALSAR as the onsite sessions are conducted simultaneously for all the courses.

Course Structure

Semester – I
Subject Code Subject Marks Credits
1.1.1 General Principles of Law 100 5
1.1.2 International Security, Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution 100 5
1.1.3 Defence Technology and Defence Laws 100 5
1.1.4 International Institutions and Global Security 100 5
Semester – II
1.2.5 < Defence Management and Strategic Studies 100 5
1.2.6 < Defence Contracts and Tenders 100 5
1.2.7 < Defence Procurement Policies: National and International Perspectives 100 5
1.2.8 < Defence Laws and Policies in India 100 5
Semester – III
2.3.9 Regional Security and Global Governance 100 5
2.3.10 Terrorism and Counter Terrorism 100 5
2.3.11 Aviation, Space and Maritime Security Laws 100 5
2.3.12 Cyber Space, Cyber Security and National Defence 100 5
Semester – IV
2.4.13 Dissertation (written: 150 marks + viva: 50 marks) 200 6

General Principles of Law:
It is a well known legal maxim ‘ignorantia juris neminem excusat’ which means that ‘ignorance of law is no excuse’. This is one of the most fundamental principles of law followed since time immemorial. With the growing complexities in the nature of a society, legal awareness is of utmost importance as helps a student of one’s rights and obligations as a responsible citizen of a country and a member of the global community. Therefore knowledge of law can open a window of opportunities that you were previously unaware of. Though law for centuries together has been taught as a professional course however yet it is very essential that every person should be aware about the general principles of law for several reasons like, understanding of public affairs, awareness on our rights and duties. For this reason a paper on the ‘General Principles of Law’ is designed with the intention of providing the course participants with an overall understanding of the fundamental concepts and principles of law and also develop an in-depth base on the functioning of law in government, society and our lives.

International Air Law:
With the taking off of the first manned flight way back in 1903, the advent of international aviation began setting the stage for a number of additional conferences aimed at regulating international air transport and consequently leading to the Chicago regime. The technological, infrastructural, institutional, economic and human challenges have prompted those in charge of airlines and aviation-related agencies to affect a shift in their policies and approaches pursued for years. In fact, civil aviation in the new millennium would be one of the biggest growth sectors.

With these emerging issues it was of paramount importance to design a paper on the International Air Law. This paper traces the historical development of the international air law regime with a special and in-depth focus on Chicago Conference, Bilateral Air Transport Agreements and ICAO and other international aviation organization. With the increasing globalization of economies, liberalization of aviation policies, new technological developments in civil aviation, privatization of airlines and airports, and liberal and open “open skies” bilateral agreements, are the some of the new trends emerging on the horizon. The module therefore critically analyzes the existing international air law regime and the evaluates the same in the light of the emerging trend.

Principles of Management
A basic knowledge of management principles is very crucial as subsequent management courses rest on an understanding of the core concepts. Students of management, therefore, need to learn the basic concepts of management for developing application-based knowledge of the subject. Modem organizations apply management practices to achieve their goals and objectives. The complexity of businesses has further made it imperative to apply management practices, without which organizations cannot survive their competition. Application of management theories and concepts is now required in every activity of an organization.
Having regards to the significance of the subject a paper on Basic Principles of Management has been designed. The paper covers the fundamental concept and meaning of management and thereafter focuses its discussion on an in-depth study into the fundamental tenets of management namely planning, coordination, organizing, leadership, control, motivation and coordination.

Airport Management:
Airport has been traditionally viewed as a strategic entity of a nation and therefore they have been traditionally operated to meet the just needs from that perspective. The concept of ‘airport management’ as a discipline is a new adoption borne out of the progressive traffic growth, both of passengers and cargo during the past few years. Airport leaders have now realized that complexities of airport operations can no more be handled by a mere traditional ‘organisation’ structure and have visualized that the airport management is too demanding, and started looking at it as a ‘Business’.

The paper on Airport Management caters to this growing need of having an in-depth understanding of the subject matter in the field of effectively and successfully managing an airport. The paper covers the fundamental concepts in airport management and gradually shifts its focus on the financial and commercial retail management at the airport. The soul of the paper rests in an detailed understanding of three segments of airport management i.e. Air-Side, Terminal and Service Quality Management. Aviation safety and security also receives a special focus in this regard. The paper thereupon trains the course participants in the structure of airport-airline relationship and finally discusses the emerging issues in airport management.

Domestic Air Laws in India:
The tremendous growth in the civil aviation industry in India is a product of such need to save time and energy and has become a very convenient mode of travel. Aviation is one of the few areas which developed very early prior to the independence. India is perhaps one of the most progressive countries as far as the development in the civil and general aviation is concerned. The legal regulatory regime governing the civil aviation sector in India developed way back in 1934 with the advent of the Aircraft Act of 1934 and subsequently the Aircraft Rules of 1937. However the safety, security and liability regime have developed in the past few decades and with the emerging trends there is a need to revise the entire regime.

In the light of the significance of this area, a paper on Domestic Air Laws in India has been designed. The paper begins with a general discussion on the domestic implementation of international laws and thereupon dwells into a comparative analysis of domestic implementation of international air law in EU, US and UK. Upon analyzing the international trends in the said areas the paper undertakes an in-depth study of the domestic air laws in India and begins by focusing on the Aircraft Act 1934 and the Aircraft Rules of 1937. The paper thereafter examines the domestic implementation of the aviation safety, security and liability norms and finally analyzes the contemporary issues in the field of civil aviation sector of India.

Aviation Safety, Security and Liability Laws:
With the advent of the international air transport, one of the first and foremost concern that the regulatory regimes across the globe faced was to ensure adequate safety and security of the both the passengers as well as the crew members. A regime that developed in the midst of the Second World War and subsequently the cold war and during the time where technology was also in its nascent stages of development, the only solution with the regulators was to ensure adequate legal protection to the abovementioned sections. Hence started an era of bilateral and multilateral talks leading to conclusion of similar agreements on aviation safety, security and liability.

Given the significance of the subject in the arena of international aviation a module on the Aviation Safety, Security and Liability has been designed. The module traces the development of the global air safety regulations and in particular gives a special focus on the role of ICAO. It thereupon traces the International Aviation Safety and Security Conventions and gradually shifts its focus on the International Aviation Liability regime. The final segment of the module seeks to provide the participants with an in-depth understanding of the dispute settlement mechanism in the aviation liability regime.

Airline Management
Air transportation is one of the most important services to offer both significant social and economic benefits. By serving tourism and trade, it contributes to economic growth. The use of commercial aviation has grown significantly over the last few decades, estimated to be more than seventy-fold since the first jet airliner flew in 1949. Current records indicate that there are more than 900 commercial airlines around the world, with a total fleet of nearly 22,000. Commercial airlines serve nearly 1,670 airports through a route network of several million kilometers. The increasing number of commercial airline companies has put more pressure on their management to continually seek profits, reduce cost, and increase revenues. Increasing demand for air transportation service has compelled airline management to take advantage of opportunities in different markets. At the same time, increasing competition among airlines necessitates that airline management seek efficiency in all their decisions to promote their profit. It is no surprise that many airlines throughout aviation history have been unable to remain in business, and in most cases, it is agreed that the demise of these airlines has been attributable to deficient management.

In order to cater to the need of training the young professionals in the arena of effective management of airlines, an innovative paper on Airline Management has been designed. The paper briefly traces the historical development of the fundamental concept of airline transport management and gradually focuses on the very crucial factor of human resource in this regard. The paper thereupon examines the regulatory framework of airline management tracing the role of ICAO, IATA and DGCA in this regard from an international and national perspective respectively. The paper finally examines the global trends in airline management and the role of airline industry in India.

Air Space and Air Traffic Management
Since the aviation industry first started needing controllers to track aircraft movements in the early 1930s, the introduction of any new technology or operational procedure has been undertaken in a very systematic way and often quite slowly. Every day, over 100,000 flights take off at airports across the world. Some are short hops to nearby destinations; some flights cross the oceans, but all have to fly in the same sky. It is estimated that up to 8% of all aviation fuel is wasted as a result of inefficient routes that aircraft have to fly. But there is an evolution in the global air navigation industry which is already having a profound impact on the way aircraft are handled in increasing numbers, more safely, efficiently and in more environmentally-responsible ways than in the past. The industry can only take this challenge so far – governments will need to look at the very institutional arrangements of their air navigation providers to bring about full efficiencies.

Keeping in mind the crucial role of the subject has to play in the management of aviation industry, a paper on Air Space and Air Traffic Management has been designed. The paper traces the fundamental concepts and principles in the arena of air space and air traffic management. The main focus of the module remains on the Air Traffic Control mechanism and the role of national and international organizations in this regard. The paper finally examines the emerging challenges authorities have faced and continue to face in the said arena.

Aviation Contracts and Tenders
Contract law lies at the heart of our system of laws and serves as the foundation of our entire society. This is not an exaggeration. It is a simple observation – one that too often goes unobserved. Our society depends upon free exchange in the marketplace at every level. The business environment is full of agreements between businesses and individuals and the business of aviation is no exception to this legal framework. While oral agreements can be used, most businesses use formal written contracts when engaging in operations. Written contracts provide individuals and businesses with a legal document stating the expectations of both parties and how negative situations will be resolved.

Having regards to the wide usage of the legal regime of contracts in the aviation business a module on Aviation Contracts and Tenders has been designed. The paper elaborately discusses the general principles of Contract as contained under the Indian Contract Act 1872 which forms the foundation for any contractual agreement including aviation agreements. The paper thereupon shifts its focus upon the international contract laws and examines the negotiating and pre-contractual norms in the field. The paper thereafter focuses on the drafting mechanisms of aviation contracts and trains the participants to focus upon the key contractual considerations. In consonance with the previous papers the module finally discusses the emergence of new forms of contracts and thereupon concentrates on a very crucial element of Aviation Tendering Mechanisms and Process.

Aviation Corporate Laws
Aviation sector in India has been transformed from an over regulated and under managed sector to a more open, liberal and investment friendly sector since 2004. Aviation business is governed by a varied range of corporate laws. Aviation Corporate Law deals with the formation and operations of corporations and is related to commercial and contract law. A corporation is a legal entity created under the laws of the state it’s incorporated within. State laws, which vary from state to state, regulate the creation, organization and dissolution of their corporations. A corporation creates a legal or “artificial person” or entity that has standing to sue and be sued, enter into contracts, and perform other duties necessary to maintain a business, separate from its stockholders.

The objective of this paper is to train the corporate law professionals in the legal formation of corporations and to construct joint ventures, licensing arrangements, mergers, acquisitions, and the countless other transactions entered into by corporations. Other areas of practice include business formations, securities law, venture capital financing, business agreements, internal forms, and business tax consultations.

Air Transport Economics and Statistics
Being the fastest means of connecting people and businesses, air transport is an important tool that enhances economic development. The benefits from air transport can only be felt if there is sufficient investment in infrastructure capacity (Airports, roads) which will enable the airline industry to provide the necessary connections to internal and world wide markets that businesses need and prosper from. Aviation provides the only rapid worldwide transportation network, which makes it essential for global business and tourism. It plays a vital role in facilitating economic growth, particularly in developing countries.

Given the significance of the subject area in mind, a paper on Air Transport Economics and Statistics has been designed. The paper begins its discussion by tracing the fundamental concepts of economics and thereupon shifts its focus on the fundamentals of air transport economics. Upon examining the evolution and economic impact of the air transportation industry the paper discusses the core principles in air transport economics and critically analyses the demand, supply and other market forces in airline-airport services. It also conducts a cost and production analysis of the air transportation industry and the changing nature of airport monopolistic markets. The paper finally discusses the nature of airport and airlines economics and infrastructure.

Aviation Marketing
An airline which is to apply the principles of marketing successfully needs a thorough knowledge of current and potential markets for its services. This knowledge should encompass an understanding of the businesses in which they participate, and of the market research techniques they must apply in order to gain the knowledge they need about the marketplace. They must be able to identify “Customers” and distinguish them from “Consumers”. They must segment their markets and identify the requirements of Customers in each of the segments. Finally, and most importantly, they must examine their markets in a dynamic rather than a static sense and anticipate future changes in customer needs.

Having regards to the significance of the subject a paper on aviation marketing has been designed. The paper begins with discussing the core principles and concepts of marketing which is of paramount importance to the aviation industry. The paper thereupon emphasizes on the nature and the form of airline products and services with a special focus on service marketing in aviation industry. It also traces the advertising and promotional strategies of airlines and then focuses on the marketing and pricing strategies at the airports. The paper also examines the crucial role played by the cordial airport-airline relationship in determining pricing and financial management at airports. The paper finally dwells upon the future of aviation marketing.

Field Work Report
Field Work Reports require the student to combine theory and analyse the classroom learning with methods of observation and practice applied outside the classroom. The purpose of field reports is to describe an observed person, place, or event and to analyze that observation data in order to identify and categorize common themes in relation to the research problem(s) underpinning the study. The data is often in the form of notes taken during the observation but it can also include any form of data gathering, such as, photography, illustrations, or audio recordings.

Length and format of the Field work

The length of the Field work report should normally be between 40-50 pages and should include

Cover Page
Certificate signed by Field Supervisor
Certificate signed by Course Coordinator
Acknowledgement
Table of contents
Chapter One : Introduction
Chapter Two: Work done and lessons learnt
Chapter Three: Analysis
Chapter Four : Conclusion and Recommendation
Reference
Submission of Field Work Report

The candidates are required to submit one copy of the Field Work Report to the Coordinator before the deadline notified by the Centre from time to time. The Field Work Report will be evaluated for 100 marks.

Dissertation
The main objective of the dissertation component is to assess the research and writing skills of the students as well as to provide a platform for creative legal scholarship and can be refined and submitted for publication in scholarly journals or even serve as the basis for full-length dissertations in doctoral programmes.

Selection of topic and submission of the proposal

The students are free to select their Dissertation Topic voluntarily but it should be relevant to their field of course.

For the purposes of finalization of the Dissertation Topics, the students are required to submit a 1000 words Dissertation Proposal indicating a proposed Research Scheme.

Upon scrutinizing the Research Scheme, the Course-Coordinator will either approve or reject the proposal. In the event of rejection / modification of the proposed Research Scheme, the students will have to re-submit another Research Proposal incorporating the suggested changes within a stipulated time fixed by the Course-Coordinator.

Length and format of the Dissertation

The length of the dissertation should normally be between 80-100 pages and should include

Cover Page
Certificate signed by the Supervisor
Declaration signed by Student
Acknowledgements
Table of Contents
Index of Authorities (Statutes / Judgments / Other official sources)
List of Abbreviations (if required)
Introduction
Methodology (Objectives – Scope and Limitations – Sources – Research Questions)
Main body of dissertation (Divided down into Chapters or Parts)
Conclusion
Bibliography (Books – Scholarly articles – Articles from news sources – Internet sources)
Submission of Dissertation

The students are required to submit to the Supervisor a rough draft initially for his/her suggestions/modifications. After incorporating the suggestions/ modifications as suggested by the Supervisor, the student should submit two copies of the Dissertation before the deadline notified by the Centre from time to time.

Evaluation of Dissertation

The written Dissertation will carry a total of 150 marks which will be followed by a Viva-voce examination carrying 50 marks. Dissertation shall be evaluated by one examiner and if a student secures a minimum of 50% marks in the written report, he/she may be called for viva-voce examination. In total, a student should secure a minimum of 50% marks in the Dissertation including the written report and viva-voce examination.

MODIFIED REGULATIONS FOR TWO YEAR MASTER’S DEGREE IN SECURITY & DEFENCE LAWS(MSDL)

1.ELIGIBILITY

a. Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University; or

b. 3-year Degree/Diploma in Aircraft Maintenance Engineering (AME)

c. Students appearing for the final year examination of Graduation / Engineering are also eligible to apply.

2.Admission Procedure

Direct Admission subject to fulfillment of the eligibility criteria for the said course.

3.Course Duration

The duration of the programme is two years and the maximum period for completion of the programme is four years including the year of admission subject to payment of Continuation Fee as per the University Rules.

4.Fee Structure :

Course fee :
Rs. 40,000/- p.a. (for Defence personnel –Rs. 35,000/- p.a.)

  • Convocation fee will be charged separately as per the University Rules.
  • Re-peat exam fee / Supplementary Exam fee will be charged @ Rs.500/- per paper
  • Continuation fee beyond the minimum duration of the course till the maximum period is Rs.5000/- per year for Master’s Programme and Rs.3000/- per year for Post-Graduate Diploma Programmes.
  • Boarding & Lodging charges at campus (subject to availability) during classes / exam will be extra as per the University Rules.

Note: The University reserves the right to revise the Fee structure from time to time.

5. CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The Master’s Programme will have four semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform / submit them by email. The students can contact / communicate by email with the subject experts pertaining to various queries on the concerned subject. Relevant course material will be uploaded on the website and can be accessed through their login id.

Face to Face contact sessions will be conducted for seven days in a semester at Hyderabad by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the contact sessions. Each subject shall consist of 15 teaching hours which will come to 60 teaching hours per semester for three semesters. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is not compulsory.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material, assignments etc. on the website.

6. EVALUATION SCHEME

Each paper shall carry 100 marks. The distribution of marks shall be as follows:

Assignment(s) : 30 Marks
End Semester Examination 70 Marks
Submission of Dissertation
Dissertation Marks
Written Report: 150 Marks
Viva-Voce Exam 50 Marks

6.1 (a) Guidelines for Research Project:

Download Here 

6.1 (b) Guidelines for Case Study

Download Here

6.1 (c) Guidelines for Dissertation

Download Here 

6.1 (c) Guidelines for Foot Notes

Download Here 

6.2 Award of Grades

The performance of the students would be evaluated on a seven point scale with corresponding grade values as mentioned below:

Percentage of Marks Grade Grade Value
80 and above O (outstanding) 8
75-79 D 7.5
70-74 A++ 7
65-69 A+ 6
60-64 A 5
55-59 B+ 4
50-54 B 3
Below 50 F(fail) 0

6.3 Calculation of CGPA

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is arrived at by dividing the sum of the products of Grade Values and the Course Credits in each course by the total number of credits in all the subjects.

6.4 A student to be successful should obtain a minimum of 50% marks or the equivalent grade, i.e., B in every subject/Field Work/Dissertation. A student who secures the minimum required 50% marks will not be declared pass until he/she submits the project as prescribed. However, the candidate who fails to obtain the minimum grade (i.e., B) shall be given chance(s) to re-appear for the examination whenever the same is conducted till the completion of the maximum period, i.e., five years from the date of admission on payment of repeat examination fee. Students failing to secure the minimum marks in the Field work / Dissertation shall re-submit the same.

7. Award of the Degree

7.1 A student to be eligible for the award of the Degree should complete all courses including Field Work and Dissertation obtaining atleast CGPA 3.00 out of 8.00.

7.2 A student admitted to the Masters Degree program has to complete all the prescribed requirements within a maximum period of five years from and including the year of admission in order to be eligible for the award of the Degree.

8. Refund of Fee in case of withdrawal of admission

a) In case of withdrawal before the commencement of first round of contact (on-site) classes, 10% of the course fee for the first year shall be retained by the University towards administrative charges;
b) In case of withdrawal after the first round of contact (on-site) classes, 20% of the course fee for the first year shall be retained by the University towards administrative charges;
c) In respect of students who withdraw their candidature after the second round of contact classes, total course fee for the first year shall be retained by the University towards administrative charges;
d) No refund shall be made in case of withdrawals in the second year.

9. The Vice-Chancellor depending on the need may be authorized to approve the modifications, if any, in the admission process, course structure, course content and the evaluation scheme which shall be reported to the Academic Council and the Executive Council for ratification.

MALATM

2020-05-24T18:37:49+00:00

The aviation industry has always been a very unique industry in itself. Its rapid growth across the globe coupled with the usage of the best and the most innovative technologies and increasing contribution to the economic and infrastructural development of a country makes the international civil aviation sector particularly important from both legal as well as a management perspective. Legal and Management aspects of International Civil Aviation are so well interconnected that the study of one aspect is incomplete without the study of the other. Thus NALSAR through its Centre for Aerospace & Defence Laws (CADL) proposes to introduce 2-Year M.A. (Aviation Law & Air Transport Management) programme.

Through this programme NALSAR aims to create an industry of aviation lawyers catering and specializing in both legal and management aspects of international aviation law. The course participants would not only have a sound and strong foundation on legal and management patterns of the international civil aviation sector but also will be well-equipped to handle practical and contemporary aspects and challenges faced in the daily governance of the aviation industry. The unique advantage of this programme is the comprehensive understanding of the aviation industry which would include its operational aspects, legal management and technical knowledge with a special focus on catering to the contemporary requirements of the growing aerospace industry.

The programme also aims to meet the needs of personnel currently involved in the aviation industry, students of aviation and aviation enthusiasts who wish to upgrade their skills at the tertiary level in the field of management in air transportation and application of aviation law. In addition, the program is designed to have considerable application for personnel in related technologically based services and business industries.

This programme is a unique blend of law and management subjects, giving the candidate a broad career prospect in the industry. The course is a two-year programme consisting of 12 subjects, stretched into four semesters. The syllabus includes General Principles of Law, International Air Law, Principles of Management, Airport Management, Airline Management, Domestic Air Laws in India, Aviation Safety, Security and Liability Laws, Air Space and Air Transport Management, Aviation Marketing, Aviation Economics, Aviation Corporate Laws, and Aviation Contracts and Tenders. Apart from this, the candidates in the last semester are required to submit a dissertation on a topic selected by them in the concerned area, along with a field-work report for the partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree in M.A. (Aviation Law and Air Transport Management).

ELIGIBILITY

a. Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University; or
b. 3-year Degree/Diploma in Aircraft Maintenance Engineering (AME) along with three year’s industry experience.

Students appearing for the final year examination of Graduation / Engineering are also eligible to apply.

Centres:

NALSAR University of Law, Post Box No.1, Justice City, Shameerpet, Medchal District

CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The Master’s Programme will have four semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform / submit them by email. The students can contact / communicate by email with the subject experts pertaining to various queries on the concerned subject. Relevant course material will be uploaded on the website and can be accessed through their login id.

Face to Face contact sessions will be conducted for seven days in a semester at Hyderabad by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the contact sessions. Each subject shall consist of 15 teaching hours which will come to 60 teaching hours per semester for three semesters. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is not compulsory.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material, assignments etc. on the website.

SEMESTER – I
Subject Code Subject Marks Credits
1.1.1 General Principles of Law 100 5
1.1.2 International Air Law 100 5
1.1.3 Principles of Management 100 5
1.1.4 Airport Management 100 5
SEMESTER – II
1.2.5 Domestic Air Laws in India 100 5
1.2.6 Aviation Safety, Security and Liability Laws 100 5
1.2.7 Airline Management 100 5
1.2.8 Air Space & Air Traffic Management 100 5
SEMESTER – III
2.3.9 Aviation Contracts & Tenders 100 5
2.3.10 Aviation Corporate Laws 100 5
2.3.11 Air Transport Economics and Statistics 100 5
2.3.12

Aviation Marketing

100 5
SEMESTER – IV
2.4.13 Dissertation (written: 150 marks + viva: 50 marks)
General Principles of Law:
It is a well known legal maxim ‘ignorantia juris neminem excusat’ which means that ‘ignorance of law is no excuse’. This is one of the most fundamental principles of law followed since time immemorial. With the growing complexities in the nature of a society, legal awareness is of utmost importance as helps a student of one’s rights and obligations as a responsible citizen of a country and a member of the global community. Therefore knowledge of law can open a window of opportunities that you were previously unaware of. Though law for centuries together has been taught as a professional course however yet it is very essential that every person should be aware about the general principles of law for several reasons like, understanding of public affairs, awareness on our rights and duties. For this reason a paper on the ‘General Principles of Law’ is designed with the intention of providing the course participants with an overall understanding of the fundamental concepts and principles of law and also develop an in-depth base on the functioning of law in government, society and our lives.

International Air Law:
With the taking off of the first manned flight way back in 1903, the advent of international aviation began setting the stage for a number of additional conferences aimed at regulating international air transport and consequently leading to the Chicago regime. The technological, infrastructural, institutional, economic and human challenges have prompted those in charge of airlines and aviation-related agencies to affect a shift in their policies and approaches pursued for years. In fact, civil aviation in the new millennium would be one of the biggest growth sectors.

With these emerging issues it was of paramount importance to design a paper on the International Air Law. This paper traces the historical development of the international air law regime with a special and in-depth focus on Chicago Conference, Bilateral Air Transport Agreements and ICAO and other international aviation organization. With the increasing globalization of economies, liberalization of aviation policies, new technological developments in civil aviation, privatization of airlines and airports, and liberal and open “open skies” bilateral agreements, are the some of the new trends emerging on the horizon. The module therefore critically analyzes the existing international air law regime and the evaluates the same in the light of the emerging trend.

Principles of Management
A basic knowledge of management principles is very crucial as subsequent management courses rest on an understanding of the core concepts. Students of management, therefore, need to learn the basic concepts of management for developing application-based knowledge of the subject. Modem organizations apply management practices to achieve their goals and objectives. The complexity of businesses has further made it imperative to apply management practices, without which organizations cannot survive their competition. Application of management theories and concepts is now required in every activity of an organization.
Having regards to the significance of the subject a paper on Basic Principles of Management has been designed. The paper covers the fundamental concept and meaning of management and thereafter focuses its discussion on an in-depth study into the fundamental tenets of management namely planning, coordination, organizing, leadership, control, motivation and coordination.

Airport Management:
Airport has been traditionally viewed as a strategic entity of a nation and therefore they have been traditionally operated to meet the just needs from that perspective. The concept of ‘airport management’ as a discipline is a new adoption borne out of the progressive traffic growth, both of passengers and cargo during the past few years. Airport leaders have now realized that complexities of airport operations can no more be handled by a mere traditional ‘organisation’ structure and have visualized that the airport management is too demanding, and started looking at it as a ‘Business’.

The paper on Airport Management caters to this growing need of having an in-depth understanding of the subject matter in the field of effectively and successfully managing an airport. The paper covers the fundamental concepts in airport management and gradually shifts its focus on the financial and commercial retail management at the airport. The soul of the paper rests in an detailed understanding of three segments of airport management i.e. Air-Side, Terminal and Service Quality Management. Aviation safety and security also receives a special focus in this regard. The paper thereupon trains the course participants in the structure of airport-airline relationship and finally discusses the emerging issues in airport management.

Domestic Air Laws in India:
The tremendous growth in the civil aviation industry in India is a product of such need to save time and energy and has become a very convenient mode of travel. Aviation is one of the few areas which developed very early prior to the independence. India is perhaps one of the most progressive countries as far as the development in the civil and general aviation is concerned. The legal regulatory regime governing the civil aviation sector in India developed way back in 1934 with the advent of the Aircraft Act of 1934 and subsequently the Aircraft Rules of 1937. However the safety, security and liability regime have developed in the past few decades and with the emerging trends there is a need to revise the entire regime.

In the light of the significance of this area, a paper on Domestic Air Laws in India has been designed. The paper begins with a general discussion on the domestic implementation of international laws and thereupon dwells into a comparative analysis of domestic implementation of international air law in EU, US and UK. Upon analyzing the international trends in the said areas the paper undertakes an in-depth study of the domestic air laws in India and begins by focusing on the Aircraft Act 1934 and the Aircraft Rules of 1937. The paper thereafter examines the domestic implementation of the aviation safety, security and liability norms and finally analyzes the contemporary issues in the field of civil aviation sector of India.

Aviation Safety, Security and Liability Laws:
With the advent of the international air transport, one of the first and foremost concern that the regulatory regimes across the globe faced was to ensure adequate safety and security of the both the passengers as well as the crew members. A regime that developed in the midst of the Second World War and subsequently the cold war and during the time where technology was also in its nascent stages of development, the only solution with the regulators was to ensure adequate legal protection to the abovementioned sections. Hence started an era of bilateral and multilateral talks leading to conclusion of similar agreements on aviation safety, security and liability.

Given the significance of the subject in the arena of international aviation a module on the Aviation Safety, Security and Liability has been designed. The module traces the development of the global air safety regulations and in particular gives a special focus on the role of ICAO. It thereupon traces the International Aviation Safety and Security Conventions and gradually shifts its focus on the International Aviation Liability regime. The final segment of the module seeks to provide the participants with an in-depth understanding of the dispute settlement mechanism in the aviation liability regime.

Airline Management
Air transportation is one of the most important services to offer both significant social and economic benefits. By serving tourism and trade, it contributes to economic growth. The use of commercial aviation has grown significantly over the last few decades, estimated to be more than seventy-fold since the first jet airliner flew in 1949. Current records indicate that there are more than 900 commercial airlines around the world, with a total fleet of nearly 22,000. Commercial airlines serve nearly 1,670 airports through a route network of several million kilometers. The increasing number of commercial airline companies has put more pressure on their management to continually seek profits, reduce cost, and increase revenues. Increasing demand for air transportation service has compelled airline management to take advantage of opportunities in different markets. At the same time, increasing competition among airlines necessitates that airline management seek efficiency in all their decisions to promote their profit. It is no surprise that many airlines throughout aviation history have been unable to remain in business, and in most cases, it is agreed that the demise of these airlines has been attributable to deficient management.

In order to cater to the need of training the young professionals in the arena of effective management of airlines, an innovative paper on Airline Management has been designed. The paper briefly traces the historical development of the fundamental concept of airline transport management and gradually focuses on the very crucial factor of human resource in this regard. The paper thereupon examines the regulatory framework of airline management tracing the role of ICAO, IATA and DGCA in this regard from an international and national perspective respectively. The paper finally examines the global trends in airline management and the role of airline industry in India.

Air Space and Air Traffic Management
Since the aviation industry first started needing controllers to track aircraft movements in the early 1930s, the introduction of any new technology or operational procedure has been undertaken in a very systematic way and often quite slowly. Every day, over 100,000 flights take off at airports across the world. Some are short hops to nearby destinations; some flights cross the oceans, but all have to fly in the same sky. It is estimated that up to 8% of all aviation fuel is wasted as a result of inefficient routes that aircraft have to fly. But there is an evolution in the global air navigation industry which is already having a profound impact on the way aircraft are handled in increasing numbers, more safely, efficiently and in more environmentally-responsible ways than in the past. The industry can only take this challenge so far – governments will need to look at the very institutional arrangements of their air navigation providers to bring about full efficiencies.

Keeping in mind the crucial role of the subject has to play in the management of aviation industry, a paper on Air Space and Air Traffic Management has been designed. The paper traces the fundamental concepts and principles in the arena of air space and air traffic management. The main focus of the module remains on the Air Traffic Control mechanism and the role of national and international organizations in this regard. The paper finally examines the emerging challenges authorities have faced and continue to face in the said arena.

Aviation Contracts and Tenders
Contract law lies at the heart of our system of laws and serves as the foundation of our entire society. This is not an exaggeration. It is a simple observation – one that too often goes unobserved. Our society depends upon free exchange in the marketplace at every level. The business environment is full of agreements between businesses and individuals and the business of aviation is no exception to this legal framework. While oral agreements can be used, most businesses use formal written contracts when engaging in operations. Written contracts provide individuals and businesses with a legal document stating the expectations of both parties and how negative situations will be resolved.

Having regards to the wide usage of the legal regime of contracts in the aviation business a module on Aviation Contracts and Tenders has been designed. The paper elaborately discusses the general principles of Contract as contained under the Indian Contract Act 1872 which forms the foundation for any contractual agreement including aviation agreements. The paper thereupon shifts its focus upon the international contract laws and examines the negotiating and pre-contractual norms in the field. The paper thereafter focuses on the drafting mechanisms of aviation contracts and trains the participants to focus upon the key contractual considerations. In consonance with the previous papers the module finally discusses the emergence of new forms of contracts and thereupon concentrates on a very crucial element of Aviation Tendering Mechanisms and Process.

Aviation Corporate Laws
Aviation sector in India has been transformed from an over regulated and under managed sector to a more open, liberal and investment friendly sector since 2004. Aviation business is governed by a varied range of corporate laws. Aviation Corporate Law deals with the formation and operations of corporations and is related to commercial and contract law. A corporation is a legal entity created under the laws of the state it’s incorporated within. State laws, which vary from state to state, regulate the creation, organization and dissolution of their corporations. A corporation creates a legal or “artificial person” or entity that has standing to sue and be sued, enter into contracts, and perform other duties necessary to maintain a business, separate from its stockholders.

The objective of this paper is to train the corporate law professionals in the legal formation of corporations and to construct joint ventures, licensing arrangements, mergers, acquisitions, and the countless other transactions entered into by corporations. Other areas of practice include business formations, securities law, venture capital financing, business agreements, internal forms, and business tax consultations.

Air Transport Economics and Statistics
Being the fastest means of connecting people and businesses, air transport is an important tool that enhances economic development. The benefits from air transport can only be felt if there is sufficient investment in infrastructure capacity (Airports, roads) which will enable the airline industry to provide the necessary connections to internal and world wide markets that businesses need and prosper from. Aviation provides the only rapid worldwide transportation network, which makes it essential for global business and tourism. It plays a vital role in facilitating economic growth, particularly in developing countries.

Given the significance of the subject area in mind, a paper on Air Transport Economics and Statistics has been designed. The paper begins its discussion by tracing the fundamental concepts of economics and thereupon shifts its focus on the fundamentals of air transport economics. Upon examining the evolution and economic impact of the air transportation industry the paper discusses the core principles in air transport economics and critically analyses the demand, supply and other market forces in airline-airport services. It also conducts a cost and production analysis of the air transportation industry and the changing nature of airport monopolistic markets. The paper finally discusses the nature of airport and airlines economics and infrastructure.

Aviation Marketing
An airline which is to apply the principles of marketing successfully needs a thorough knowledge of current and potential markets for its services. This knowledge should encompass an understanding of the businesses in which they participate, and of the market research techniques they must apply in order to gain the knowledge they need about the marketplace. They must be able to identify “Customers” and distinguish them from “Consumers”. They must segment their markets and identify the requirements of Customers in each of the segments. Finally, and most importantly, they must examine their markets in a dynamic rather than a static sense and anticipate future changes in customer needs.

Having regards to the significance of the subject a paper on aviation marketing has been designed. The paper begins with discussing the core principles and concepts of marketing which is of paramount importance to the aviation industry. The paper thereupon emphasizes on the nature and the form of airline products and services with a special focus on service marketing in aviation industry. It also traces the advertising and promotional strategies of airlines and then focuses on the marketing and pricing strategies at the airports. The paper also examines the crucial role played by the cordial airport-airline relationship in determining pricing and financial management at airports. The paper finally dwells upon the future of aviation marketing.

Field Work Report
Field Work Reports require the student to combine theory and analyse the classroom learning with methods of observation and practice applied outside the classroom. The purpose of field reports is to describe an observed person, place, or event and to analyze that observation data in order to identify and categorize common themes in relation to the research problem(s) underpinning the study. The data is often in the form of notes taken during the observation but it can also include any form of data gathering, such as, photography, illustrations, or audio recordings.

Length and format of the Field work

The length of the Field work report should normally be between 40-50 pages and should include

Cover Page
Certificate signed by Field Supervisor
Certificate signed by Course Coordinator
Acknowledgement
Table of contents
Chapter One : Introduction
Chapter Two: Work done and lessons learnt
Chapter Three: Analysis
Chapter Four : Conclusion and Recommendation
Reference
Submission of Field Work Report

The candidates are required to submit one copy of the Field Work Report to the Coordinator before the deadline notified by the Centre from time to time. The Field Work Report will be evaluated for 100 marks.

Dissertation
The main objective of the dissertation component is to assess the research and writing skills of the students as well as to provide a platform for creative legal scholarship and can be refined and submitted for publication in scholarly journals or even serve as the basis for full-length dissertations in doctoral programmes.

Selection of topic and submission of the proposal

The students are free to select their Dissertation Topic voluntarily but it should be relevant to their field of course.

For the purposes of finalization of the Dissertation Topics, the students are required to submit a 1000 words Dissertation Proposal indicating a proposed Research Scheme.

Upon scrutinizing the Research Scheme, the Course-Coordinator will either approve or reject the proposal. In the event of rejection / modification of the proposed Research Scheme, the students will have to re-submit another Research Proposal incorporating the suggested changes within a stipulated time fixed by the Course-Coordinator.

Length and format of the Dissertation

The length of the dissertation should normally be between 80-100 pages and should include

Cover Page
Certificate signed by the Supervisor
Declaration signed by Student
Acknowledgements
Table of Contents
Index of Authorities (Statutes / Judgments / Other official sources)
List of Abbreviations (if required)
Introduction
Methodology (Objectives – Scope and Limitations – Sources – Research Questions)
Main body of dissertation (Divided down into Chapters or Parts)
Conclusion
Bibliography (Books – Scholarly articles – Articles from news sources – Internet sources)
Submission of Dissertation

The students are required to submit to the Supervisor a rough draft initially for his/her suggestions/modifications. After incorporating the suggestions/ modifications as suggested by the Supervisor, the student should submit two copies of the Dissertation before the deadline notified by the Centre from time to time.

Evaluation of Dissertation

The written Dissertation will carry a total of 150 marks which will be followed by a Viva-voce examination carrying 50 marks. Dissertation shall be evaluated by one examiner and if a student secures a minimum of 50% marks in the written report, he/she may be called for viva-voce examination. In total, a student should secure a minimum of 50% marks in the Dissertation including the written report and viva-voce examination.

MODIFIED REGULATIONS FOR TWO YEAR MASTER’S DEGREE IN AVIATION LAW AND AIR TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT (MALATM)

1.Eligibility :

a. Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent Degree in any discipline from any recognized University; or

b. 3-year Degree/Diploma in Aircraft Maintenance Engineering (AME)

c. Students appearing for the final year examination of Graduation / Engineering are also eligible to apply.

2.Admission Procedure

Direct Admission subject to fulfillment of the eligibility criteria for the said course.

3.Course Duration

The duration of the programme is two years and the maximum period for completion of the programme is four years including the year of admission subject to payment of Continuation Fee as per the University Rules.

4.Fee Structure :

Course fee :
Rs. 40,000/- p.a. (for Defence personnel –Rs. 35,000/- p.a.)

  • Convocation fee will be charged separately as per the University Rules.
  • Re-peat exam fee / Supplementary Exam fee will be charged @ Rs.500/- per paper
  • Continuation fee beyond the minimum duration of the course till the maximum period is Rs.5000/- per year for Master’s Programme and Rs.3000/- per year for Post-Graduate Diploma Programmes.
  • Boarding & Lodging charges at campus (subject to availability) during classes / exam will be extra as per the University Rules.

Note: The University reserves the right to revise the Fee structure from time to time.

5. CONDUCT OF THE PROGRAMME

The Master’s Programme will have four semesters. Each Semester will have Onsite intense sessions by the subject experts, followed by Online session where participants will work on the case studies and assignments and upload them on the dedicated web platform / submit them by email. The students can contact / communicate by email with the subject experts pertaining to various queries on the concerned subject. Relevant course material will be uploaded on the website and can be accessed through their login id.

Face to Face contact sessions will be conducted for seven days in a semester at Hyderabad by the subject experts. Suggested reference guidance would be provided at the contact sessions. Each subject shall consist of 15 teaching hours which will come to 60 teaching hours per semester for three semesters. Case study analysis will be part of the concerned subjects and will be discussed in onsite sessions. Attendance at the onsite session is not compulsory.

The conduct of the programme involves uploading of updated course material, assignments etc. on the website.

6. EVALUATION SCHEME

Each paper shall carry 100 marks. The distribution of marks shall be as follows:

Assignment(s) : 30 Marks
End Semester Examination 70 Marks
Submission of Dissertation
Dissertation Marks
Written Report: 150 Marks
Viva-Voce Exam 50 Marks

6.1 (a) Guidelines for Research Project:

Download Here 

6.1 (b) Guidelines for Case Study

Download Here

6.1 (c) Guidelines for Dissertation

Download Here 

6.1 (c) Guidelines for Foot Notes

Download Here 

6.2 Award of Grades

The performance of the students would be evaluated on a seven point scale with corresponding grade values as mentioned below:

Percentage of Marks Grade Grade Value
80 and above O (outstanding) 8
75-79 D 7.5
70-74 A++ 7
65-69 A+ 6
60-64 A 5
55-59 B+ 4
50-54 B 3
Below 50 F(fail) 0

6.3 Calculation of CGPA

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is arrived at by dividing the sum of the products of Grade Values and the Course Credits in each course by the total number of credits in all the subjects.

6.4 A student to be successful should obtain a minimum of 50% marks or the equivalent grade, i.e., B in every subject/Field Work/Dissertation. A student who secures the minimum required 50% marks will not be declared pass until he/she submits the project as prescribed. However, the candidate who fails to obtain the minimum grade (i.e., B) shall be given chance(s) to re-appear for the examination whenever the same is conducted till the completion of the maximum period, i.e., five years from the date of admission on payment of repeat examination fee. Students failing to secure the minimum marks in the Field work / Dissertation shall re-submit the same.

7. Award of the Degree

7.1 A student to be eligible for the award of the Degree should complete all courses including Field Work and Dissertation obtaining atleast CGPA 3.00 out of 8.00.

7.2 A student admitted to the Masters Degree program has to complete all the prescribed requirements within a maximum period of five years from and including the year of admission in order to be eligible for the award of the Degree.

8. Refund of Fee in case of withdrawal of admission

a) In case of withdrawal before the commencement of first round of contact (on-site) classes, 10% of the course fee for the first year shall be retained by the University towards administrative charges;
b) In case of withdrawal after the first round of contact (on-site) classes, 20% of the course fee for the first year shall be retained by the University towards administrative charges;
c) In respect of students who withdraw their candidature after the second round of contact classes, total course fee for the first year shall be retained by the University towards administrative charges;
d) No refund shall be made in case of withdrawals in the second year.

9. The Vice-Chancellor depending on the need may be authorized to approve the modifications, if any, in the admission process, course structure, course content and the evaluation scheme which shall be reported to the Academic Council and the Executive Council for ratification.

Contact Info

NALSAR University of Law Post Box No.1, Justice City, Shameerpet, Medchal District, Hyderabad - 500078, Telangana.

Phone: 040-23498212 / 445 / 446